Hog Island (Virginia)
Hog Island is one of the Virginia Barrier Islands located southeast of Exmore in Northampton County, Virginia, and is a part of the Virginia Coast Reserve of The Nature Conservancy. Starting in the mid-19th century the town of Broadwater, Virginia was located on the southern end of the island, but had to be abandoned in the 1930s when rapid beach erosion made its continued existence untenable. However, many of the houses and other buildings were floated by barge to the mainland and can be found in Willis Wharf, Virginia and Oyster, Virginia.
The Hog Island Light, a coastal beacon that was once one of the tallest lighthouses in the United States stood on the southern end of Hog Island. It was decommissioned and demolished in 1948 when shoreline erosion threatened to bring it down. A Coast Guard station on Hog Island was later closed.
In 2008, in conjunction with the Barrier Islands Center in Machipongo, Virginia, filmmaker James Spione directed a documentary, Our Island Home, which featured three of the last surviving people to be born on Hog Island. The film grew out of an ongoing oral history project at the Center designed to record survivors' memories of a bygone way of life on the island.
Since 1987 it has served as a major ecological research location for the Virginia Coast Reserve Long-Term Ecological Research (VCR/LTER) project . Hog Island is one of three primary ecological research stations used by faculty and students at the University of Virginia.
- Hayden, Bruce; R.D. Dueser; J.T. Callahan; H.H. Shugart (1991). "Long-term Research at the Virginia Coast Reserve: Modeling a Highly Dynamic Environment". BioScience. BioScience, Vol. 41, No. 5. 41 (5): 310–318. doi:10.2307/1311584. JSTOR 1311584.
- Badger, Curtis; Ricky Kellam (1989). The Barrier Islands: A Photographic History of Life on Hog, Cobb, Smith, Cedar, Parramore, Metompkin and Assateague. Mechanicsville, PA: Stackpole Books. ISBN 0-8117-0213-8.
- "Excerpts from "Our Island Home"". The Barrier Islands Center. Retrieved 12 Feb 2010.
- "Our Island Home". Morninglight Films. Retrieved 12 Feb 2010.
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