Hong Gye-hui

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Hong Gye-hui
Hangul 홍계희
Hanja 洪啓禧
Revised Romanization Hong Gye-hui
McCune–Reischauer Hong Kye-hǔi

Hong Gye-hui (1703–1771) was a scholar-official of the Joseon Dynasty Korea in the 18th century.

He was also diplomat and ambassador, representing Joseon interests in the 10th Edo period diplomatic mission to the Tokugawa shogunate in Japan.[1]

1748 mission to Japan[edit]

This image of a Joseon tongsinsa procession through the streets of Edo in 1748 is entitled Chosenjin Ukie by Hanegawa Tōei, c. 1748.

In 1748, King Yeongjo of Joseon directed that a diplomatic mission to Japan would be dispatched.[1] This diplomatic mission functioned to the advantage of both the Japanese and the Koreans as a channel for developing a political foundation for trade.[2]

This delegation was explicitly identified by the Joseon court as a "Communication Envoy" (tongsinsa). The mission was understood to signify that relations were "normalized."[3]

This embassy traveled to Edo in the 1st year of the Japanese era of Kan'en, according to the Japanese caledar in use at that time.[4] The chief envoy of this Joseon delegation was Hong Gye-hui.[1]

Recognition in the West[edit]

Pak Tong-chi's historical significance was confirmed when his mission and his name were specifically mentioned in a widely distributed history published by the Oriental Translation Fund in 1834.[4]

In the West, early published accounts of the Joseon kingdom are not extensive, but they are found in Sangoku Tsūran Zusetsu (published in Paris in 1832),[5] and in Nihon ōdai ichiran (published in Paris in 1834). Joseon foreign relations and diplomacy are explicitly referenced in the 1834 work.

Popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Walraven, Boudewijn et al. (2007). Korea in the middle: Korean studies and area studies, p. 361.; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 418; n.b., the name Tcho ying is a pre-Hepburn Japanese transliteration and Tchao hing is a pre-McCune–Reischauer, Korean romanization devised by Julius Klaproth and Jean-Pierre Abel-Rémusat in 1834.
  2. ^ Walker, Brett L. "Foreign Affairs and Frontiers in Early Modern Japan: A Historiographical Essay," Early Modern Japan. Fall, 2002, pp. 48.
  3. ^ Lewis, James Bryant. (2003). Frontier contact between Chosŏn Korea and Tokugawa Japan, pp. 21-24.
  4. ^ a b Titsingh, p. 418.
  5. ^ Vos, Ken. "Accidental acquisitions: The nineteenth-century Korean collections in the National Museum of Ethnology, Part 1," Archived 2012-06-22 at the Wayback Machine. p. 6.


External links[edit]

Preceded by
Hong Chi-jung
Edo period diplomacy
10th mission

Succeeded by
Jo Eom