Horticultural building system

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Horticultural Building Systems are defined as the instance where vegetation and an architectural/architectonic system exist in a mutually defined and intentionally designed relationship that supports plant growth and an architectonic concept. The most common form of these systems in contemporary vernacular is green wall, vertical garden, green roof, roof garden, building-integrated agriculture (BIA), yet the history of these systems may be traced back through greenhouse technology,[1] hydroponicums, horticultural growth chambers, and beyond. These horticultural building systems evolved form a reciprocal relationship between plant cultural requirements and architectural technology.


  1. ^ Hix, John. 1974. The glass house. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press


  • Weiler, Susan K., and Katrin Scholz-Barth. 2009. Green roof systems: a guide to the planning, design, and construction of landscapes over structure. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Werthmann, Christian. 2007. Green roof: a case study. New York: Princeton Architectural Press.
  • Zimmermann, Astrid. 2009. Constructing landscape: materials, techniques, structural components. Basel: Birkhäuser
  • Hix, John. 1974. The glass house. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press
  • Horticultural Building Systems: Evolution and Research Futures. In: Urban Nature CELA 2011. Figueroa Press, Los Angeles, CA. 2011 p 78. ISBN 978-1-932800-85-2