Hostile Environment and Emergency First Aid Training

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Hostile Environment and Emergency First Aid Training, also known as HEFAT is a standard type of training in first aid, given to people entering hostile environments, mostly for work, and often to journalists.


The course was designed in 1993 by Centurion Safety of the UK. Paul Rees, a former Royal Marine, devised the course.

All BBC journalists entering hostile environments must do the HEFAT course.[1] Other employers in difficult environments also make the course obligatory.


It is often a four to six-day residential course. The course is designed for the individual's safety and health, and not as training as a paramedic.


The course includes kidnap and mock executions. For hostile environments, the first aid on the course includes amputated limbs, something many first aid courses do not commonly cover.

Other topics include

See also[edit]


  1. ^ BBC World Service
  2. ^ "Hostile Environment Awareness Training (HEAT) doesn't need to be Hostile". HASP TRAINING - Hostile Environment Training Company. Retrieved 2019-01-24.

External links[edit]