Hotchkiss Anjou

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Hotchkiss H Anjou
Hotchkiss Anjou 1955.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Hotchkiss
Production 1950–1954
5,465 produced
Body and chassis
Class luxury saloon
Body style 4-door sedan
2-door cabriolet ("Anthéor")
2-door coupé
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine 2312 cc 4-cylinder in - line water-cooled
3485 cc 6-cylinder in-line water-cooled [1]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,920 mm (115.0 in)
4-cylinder cars
3,090 mm (121.7 in)
6-cylinder cars[1]
Length 4,850 mm (190.9 in)
4-cylinder cars
5,000 mm (196.9 in)
6-cylinder cars[1]
Width 1,770 mm (69.7 in)[1]
Height 1,550 mm (61.0 in)[1]
Curb weight 1,350–1,450 kg (2,980–3,200 lb)[1]
Chronology
Predecessor Hotchkiss 486 (4-cylinder)
Hotchkiss 686/866 (6-cylinder)

The Hotchkiss Anjou was a luxury car offered between 1950 and 1954 by the French automaker Hotchkiss. It was an updated version of the 486 and 686/866[2] models which had first appeared in the 1930s and inherited its engines from those cars, although their engines in turn dated back to OHC units introduced in the mid-1920s.

The car was launched in autumn 1950, and during the first year 1,787 were produced. In 1951 the company produced a further 2,666. The depressed state of the economy and the government’s punitive taxation policy, especially in respect of larger cars, saw to it that, at least in terms of units produced, 1951 was the car’s best year, however. 815 were produced in 1952 and only 197 in 1953.[1] 1953 was the last year of production, but the company was still advertising new cars for sale at least until the end of 1954, which indicates that their financial problems may well have been exacerbated by the practice of systematically manufacturing more cars than they were selling earlier in the Anjou's life.

The Anjou came with a large limousine-style body significantly modified when compared to its predecessors and characteristic of the times. A small number of two-door coupés were produced as well as a 2-door cabriolet, branded as the Hotchkiss Anthéor.

There was a choice of two engine sizes. Most cars were shipped with a four-cylinder ohc 2,312 cc water-cooled unit with one or, at the customer’s option, two carburettors. However, a longer-nosed version allowed space for the larger ohc six-cylinder 3,485 cc water-cooled engine that promoted the car into the stratospheric 20CV taxation class, but increased claimed maximum power from 72/75 hp to 100/125 hp, with a corresponding increase in claimed maximum speed from 130 km/h (81 mph) to 145 km/h (90 mph).[1] Sources for the power output vary, possibly according to whether the engine was fed by one or two carburettors.

Both cars were offered with so-called “classic” four-speed manual transmission, and the smaller-engined car was available with an optional electromagnetic “Cotal” gearbox,[1] which is seen by some as a precursor to more modern automatic transmission systems, and which would also have stood out from the crowd at any time on account of its having featured four forward speeds and four reverse speeds.

In addition to the 5,465 Anjous produced, the company built about 40 of the 2-door cabriolet Anthéor models.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Automobilia". Toutes les voitures françaises 1953 (salon Paris oct 1952). Paris: Histoire & collections. Nr. 14: Page 38. 2000. 
  2. ^ The 686 had appeared after the war with a new name: approximately 2,050 of these 866s had been produced between 1946 and 1950.
  • This entry uses information taken from the Italian Wikipedia entry concerning the same car.