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The Hotel Majapahit
|Architectural style(s)||Art nouveau|
The Hotel Majapahit is a historic luxury hotel in Surabaya, Indonesia. Located at 65 Jalan Tunjungan, Surabaya. The hotel was founded in 1910 as the Hotel Oranje by Lucas Martin Sarkies who commissioned Regent Alfred John Bidwell to design the hotel. The hotel opened in 1911.
A new art deco style lobby extension was opened in 1936. The opening was celebrated with a royal party attended by Crown Prince Leopold III from Belgium, Princess Astrid from Sweden and Charlie Chaplin.
During the Japanese occupation of Indonesia from 1942 to 1945 during WWII, the hotel's name was changed to Hotel Yamato and was used as the headquarters of the Japanese forces in East Java. The hotel was the site of the famous "Hotel Yamato Incident" on 19 September 1945 when pro-nationalist Indonesian youth revolutionaries tore away the blue portion of the Dutch flag flown above the hotel to change it to the red-and-white Indonesian flag in the lead-up to the Battle of Surabaya. Following this incident, the hotel was once again renamed and became known as the Hotel Merdeka (Independence Hotel).
In 1946 the Sarkies brothers returned to manage the hotel and changed the name to the Lucas Martin Sarkies Hotel. Then, in 1969 Mantrust Holdings Co. became the new owner and named the hotel after the historic kingdom of Majapahit. The hotel was restored from 1996-1998 by Harry Susilo, a prominent local ethnic Chinese businessman, at a cost of $51 million. It reopened managed by the Mandarin Oriental Hotel Group as the Mandarin Oriental Hotel Majapahit Surabaya. Today it is called Hotel Majapahit and still operates as a hotel, although most of the interior of the building has been renovated.
- "Hotel Majapahit: Brief History" (PDF). Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- "Data Referensi Pendidikan". referensi.data.kemdikbud.go.id. Retrieved 2016-01-21.
- William Warren, Jill Gocher (2007). Asia's legendary hotels: the romance of travel. Singapore: Periplus Editions. ISBN 978-0-7946-0174-4.
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