Graduate of Cambridge University and Cuddesdon Theological College, he was an Anglo-Catholic and friend of Austin Farrer. Leader of Hackney branch of Transport and General Workers Union. Organized labour and led strikes in East End of London in the late 1930s.
- Cameron, Alice. In Pursuit of Justice: The Story of Hugh Lister and His Friends in Hackney Wick. London: SCM Press, 1946.
- Hein, David. "Hugh Lister (1901–44): A Modern Saint?" Theology 103 (2000): 339–46.
- Hein, David. "Hugh Lister (1901-44): Priest, Labor Leader, Combatant Officer." Anglican and Episcopal History 70 (2001): 353-74.
- Hein, David. "Farrer on Friendship, Sainthood, and the Will of God." In Captured by the Crucified: The Practical Theology of Austin Farrer, ed. David Hein and Edward Hugh Henderson, 119-148. New York and London: T & T Clark, 2004. See pp. 120–128: i.e., the section entitled "Exemplar: Hugh Lister."
- Hein, David. "Saints: Holy, Not Tame." Sewanee Theological Review 49 (2006): 204–17.
- Hein, David. "Christianity and Honor." The Living Church, 18 August 2013, pp. 8–10. http://livingchurch.org/christianity-and-honor
- Niebuhr, Reinhold, and Ursula Niebuhr. Remembering Reinhold Niebuhr: letters of Reinhold and Ursula M. Niebuhr. HarperSanFrancisco, 1991. Includes mention of Lister's visit to America.
- Snape, Michael. God and the British Soldier: Religion and the British Army in the First and Second World Wars. London and New York: Routledge, 2005. See chap. 4: "The Church in Khaki."