Hugh Maguire (violinist)
|Born||Andrew Hugh Michael Maguire
2 August 1926
|Died||14 June 2013
|Education||Royal Academy of Music|
Andrew Hugh Michael Maguire (2 August 1926 – 14 June 2013) was an Irish violinist, leader, concertmaster and principal player of the London Symphony Orchestra and the BBC Symphony Orchestra (1962-1967), leader of the Melos Ensemble and the Allegri Quartet, a professor at the Royal Academy of Music, and violin tutor to the National Youth Orchestra of Great Britain.
Maguire was born in Dublin as one of six siblings, all of whom became professional musicians. His father Elias, a headmaster and tenor, introduced him to violin lessons at age 6. By age 12, he had won every prize for violin-playing at the principal music festivals in Ireland. Educated at the Belvedere College, in 1944 he gained a four-year scholarship to the Royal Academy of Music in London, where he won the Alfred Waley and Alfred Gibson Prizes for violin playing, and the Cooper Prize and McEwan Prize for quartet playing. There he led the first orchestra for two years under Clarence Raybould and played concertos at several 'end of term' concerts.
In January 1949, Maguire was in the first violin section of the London Philharmonic Orchestra. In 1950, he spent ten months in Paris having lessons from George Enescu (to whom he acknowledged his greatest debt), and appeared as soloist, including a concerto under Roger Désormière. In 1952 he was appointed leader of the Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, after which he had a short period as sub-leader of the BBC Symphony Orchestra.
In 1956, Maguire became leader of the London Symphony Orchestra until 1961, as one of the 'Young Turks' who helped to reshape the orchestra after a confrontation between management and players which had prompted many resignations. In 1959 he became a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Music. In 1962, he left the LSO to become leader of the BBC Symphony Orchestra, and held the post until 1967. From 1983 to 1991, he was leader of the Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden.
Maguire helped to found the Academy of St Martin in the Fields with Neville Marriner in 1959, and became closely associated with its work at the solo violin desk. His pre-eminence as a teacher and pedagogue for soloists and chamber music ensemble groups was also then developing. During the 1960s, he, Jacqueline du Pré and Fou Ts'ong performed as a piano trio. Maguire led the Cremona Quartet with Iona Brown, Cecil Aronowitz and Terence Weil, From 1974, he led the Melos Ensemble, heading that group's renewal after it had been temporarily disbanded following the death of Ivor McMahon. In 1978, Peter Pears invited Maguire to join the Britten-Pears School for Advanced Musical Studies as director of string studies. He served in the post until 2002.
Maguire became leader of the Allegri Quartet in the 1970s, with David Roth, Patrick Ireland and Bruno Schrecker. The quartet's recordings included the String Quartet No. 2 of Alexander Goehr and the Quartets Nos 3 & 4 of Frank Bridge. Sir Malcolm Arnold dedicated his string quartet no. 2 (1975) to him, first performed by the Allegri Quartet in Dublin Castle in June 1976, with the British premiere three days later at Snape Maltings, as part of the Aldeburgh Festival. He left the Allegri Quartet in 1976.
Maguire was professor at the Royal Academy of Music in London for 26 years, and was also artistic director of the Irish Youth Orchestra, as well as violin tutor to the National Youth Orchestra of Great Britain. He taught master classes at Aldeburgh Music and was on the coaching staff of the ensemble training at the Leiston Abbey music school.
Maguire was married twice. His first marriage, in 1953 to the dancer Suzie Lewis, produced five children, three daughters and two sons. The couple divorced in 1987. His second marriage was to Tricia Catchpole, from 1988 until her death in February 2013.
- "Hugh Maguire". Telegraph. 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2015-06-28.
- Anne Inglis (2013-07-07). "Hugh Maguire obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-06-28.
- This paragraph derived from Concert Programme, London Symphony Orchestra, Royal Festival Hall 18 March 1960, Jean Martinon (cover and 8 pages), page 8.
- Concert Programme, London Philharmonic Orchestra Saturday 29 January 1949, Central Hall, East Ham. His name does not appear in the listings of subsequent programmes.
- Concert Programme, LSO 18 March 1960 (cited above).
- BBC Henry Wood Promenade Concerts Prospectus, 61st Season 1955, pp. 1, 19.
- London Symphony Orchestra facts and figures (PDF)
- LSO History of Recordings
- List of Fellows of R.A.M.. Maguire's fellowship was almost the longest of tenure of all living Fellows.
- BBC Promenade Concerts, Prospectus 1961-1967 inclusive.
- Inglis, Anne (10 June 2004). "Iona Brown". The Guardian. London.
- John Owen, 'Britten-Pears School for Advanced Musical Studies', International Journal of Music Education, Original Series 3, No. 1, 53-55 (1984).(PDF)
- Kenneth Shenton (2013-08-02). "Hugh Maguire: Violinist who led the BBC Symphony Orchestra". The Independent. Retrieved 2015-06-28.
- Pro Corda staff 2010