Hugh McCalmont

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Sir Hugh McCalmont
Hugh mccalmont.jpg
Sir Hugh McCalmont
Born 1845
Died 2 May 1924
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank Major-General
Commands held 8th Division
Battles/wars Red River Rebellion
Third Anglo-Ashanti War
Russo-Turkish War
South African War
Second Anglo-Afghan War
Anglo-Egyptian War
Nile Expedition
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Commander of the Royal Victorian Order

Major-General Sir Hugh McCalmont KCB CVO (1845 – 2 May 1924) was a British politician. He was elected as an Ulster Unionist Member of Parliament for North Antrim in 1895, resigning in 1899 by becoming Steward of the Manor of Northstead.

Career[edit]

McCalmont was educated at Eton before being commissioned into the 6th Dragoon Guards in 1865.[1] He saw service in the Red River Rebellion in 1870, the Third Anglo-Ashanti War in 1873 and the Russo-Turkish War in 1877.[2] McCalmont also took part in the South African War in 1879, the Second Anglo-Afghan War in 1879 and the Anglo-Egyptian War in 1882 as well as the Nile Expedition in 1884.[2]

In 1884 he became aide-de-camp to General Wolseley.[3] He was elected as an Ulster Unionist Member of Parliament for North Antrim in 1895 but resigned in 1899 by becoming Steward of the Manor of Northstead.[4] He was commanding the troops in the Cork district, when on 1 April 1902 he became General Officer Commanding 8th Division within Third Army Corps in Ireland.[5][6]

In 1907 he was given the colonelcy of the 7th Queen's Own Hussars, a position he held until his death in 1924.

McCalmont lived at Abbeylands, a two storey Viction house in Whiteabbey, near Belfast, until it was set on fire by Suffragettes in 1914[7] causing £20,000 of damage.[8][9] Unionist leader, Edward Carson, had declared against votes for women, meanwhile his Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) had been drilling troops at Abbeylands House. In protest the Suffragettes burnt the building to the ground on 27 March 1914, complaining that they were being imprisoned while the UVF were gun running and preparing for civil war.[10][11][12]

Family[edit]

In 1885 he married the Hon. Rose Elizabeth Bingham, daughter of John Charles Robert Bingham, 4th Baron Clanmorris of Newbrook.[13] His son, Dermot McCalmont (1887–1968), inherited a fortune from his second cousin, Harry McCalmont, and was the owner of race horse The Tetrarch.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 22983". The London Gazette. 23 June 1865. p. 3152. 
  2. ^ a b The families of French of Belturbet and Nixon of Fermanagh, and their descendants by Henry Biddall Swanzy, p.15
  3. ^ C.E. Callwell (ed.), The Memoirs of Major-General Sir Hugh McCalmont (Hutchinson, London, 1924), pp. 47-48.
  4. ^ New Ulster Biography
  5. ^ "No. 27434". The London Gazette. 16 May 1902. p. 3254. 
  6. ^ Army Commands Archived 5 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Bence-Jones, Mark (1988). A Guide to Irish County Houses. London: Constable. p. 1. ISBN 0 09 469990 9. 
  8. ^ "The Women's Suffrage Movement" (PDF). NI Assembly Education. Retrieved 16 April 2015. 
  9. ^ Burning Outrage in Ireland The Mercury, 30 March 1914
  10. ^ "The suffragette struggle in Ulster". Belfast News Letter. Retrieved 16 April 2015. 
  11. ^ "Prison, Protests and Hunger Strikes". Belfast Media Group. Retrieved 16 April 2015. 
  12. ^ "A role in Home Rule". Irish Times. Retrieved 16 April 2015. 
  13. ^ The Peerage.com
  14. ^ http://www.horseracinghistory.co.uk/hrho/action/viewDocument?id=954
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Charles Cunningham Connor
Member of Parliament for North Antrim
1895–1899
Succeeded by
William Moore
Military offices
Preceded by
General Officer Commanding the 8th Division
1902–1903
Succeeded by
Sir Reginald Pole-Carew