|1st Mayor of Portland, Oregon|
April 1851 – April 1852
|Succeeded by||A. C. Bonnell|
Georgia, United States
|Died||1883 (aged 69–70)|
Merced County, California
Hugh Donaldson O'Bryant (1813–1883) was the first mayor of Portland, Oregon, United States, serving from 1851–1852. He later served as the President of the Oregon Territory’ Council chamber of the legislature, and was a member of Washington Territory’s legislature.
Hugh O’Bryant was born in 1813 in Franklin County, Georgia to a missionary father. There he was raised among the Cherokee Indians due to his father’s missionary work. Hugh later moved to Arkansas where in early 1843 he set out for the Oregon Country. He arrived at Oregon City, Oregon, in October 1843 and set up shop as a merchant.
After two years in Oregon City O’Bryant moved across the Willamette River to Portland, Oregon, where he remained until 1852. In 1847, he volunteered to fight in the Cayuse War after the Whitman massacre. During 1848 he served in Second Company of the Oregon Riflemen for the Provisional Government of Oregon as a first lieutenant.
In 1851, he won Portland's first mayoral election by a mere four votes over challenger Joseph Showalter Smith, O'Bryant's one-year reign was known for the failure of Portland's first government to effectively govern the city, leading to a new city charter in 1852.
In O'Bryant's only year as mayor, he missed seven out of thirty-one council meetings. Although the council passed resolutions to build roads, build a jail, and purchase a fire engine, none of these materialized under O'Bryant's leadership. Funds for the fire engine were authorized by citywide vote on May 26, 1851, but it was only a week before his term ended, the following March, that O'Bryant notified the council that the bills authorizing this purchase were sitting on his desk, unsigned. Later he performed justice of the peace duties, and was a gold prospector. However, perhaps his greatest assets in Portland were his carpentry skills, which were in great demand with new immigrants flooding Portland.
In 1852, he moved to Salem, then to Roseburg, where he married his wife, Matilda, and had seven children. While in Southern Oregon O'Bryant served in the Oregon Territory’s legislature beginning in 1855. The following session he returned, again serving as a Democrat representing Douglas, Coos, Umpqua, and Curry counties in the upper chamber Council. Then in 1857 he became the President of that chamber. Lastly in 1858 he was a member of Oregon's last Territorial Legislature as Oregon awaited statehood.
In 1860, O'Bryant moved on to Walla Walla, of the Washington Territory, where he served in the territorial legislature. Later he moved to Merced County, California, where he died in 1883. O'Bryant Square in Portland is named after O'Bryant.
- Census records are the only way to track down O'Bryant in his later life. Lansing states that O'Bryant shows up in the 1880 census records in Merced County, California. However, nobody by the last name of O'Bryant shows up in the 1890 census in California, Oregon, or Washington.
- Scott, Harvey (1890). History of Portland, Oregon with illustrations and biographical sketches of prominent citizens and pioneers. Syracuse, NY: D. Mason & Co.
- Brown, J. Henry (1892). Brown’s Political History of Oregon: Provisional Government. Wiley B. Allen.
- Lansing (2003), pp. 26
- Lansing (2003), pp.26–49
- Lansing (2003), pp. 42–48
- Lansing (2003), pp. 29
- Oregon Legislative Assembly (7th Territorial) 1855 Regular Session
- Oregon Legislative Assembly (8th Territorial) 1856 Regular Session
- Oregon Legislative Assembly (9th Territorial) 1857 Regular Session
- Oregon Legislative Assembly 1858 Regular Session
- Lansing (2003), p. 31
- Lansing, Jewel. (2003). Portland: People, Politics, and Power, 1851–2001.
| Mayor of Portland, Oregon
A. C. Bonnell