Huis ter Kleef

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Huis ter Kleef
Haarlem, the Netherlands
Ruïnes Huis ter Kleef.jpg
Ruïnes Huis ter Kleef
Huis ter Kleef is located in Netherlands
Huis ter Kleef
Huis ter Kleef
Coordinates 52°23′46″N 4°38′06″E / 52.396°N 4.635°E / 52.396; 4.635Coordinates: 52°23′46″N 4°38′06″E / 52.396°N 4.635°E / 52.396; 4.635
Type Castle
Site information
Owner City of Haarlem
Open to
the public
during daylight hours
Condition Ruin
Site history
Built 1370
Materials Brick
Demolished 1573
Battles/wars Siege of Haarlem
Garrison information
Occupants City gardens

The ruins of the Huis ter Kleef castle are located in the city gardens of Haarlem.

History[edit]

The Kaatsbaan was the only building left standing of the original complex
From the top of the pile, you can see the Kaatsbaan

The castle is located about halfway between the Castle Brederode and the Haarlem City Hall, which were built respectively in the second half of the 13th century and 1370, and probably dates from that period, when it is referred to as Huis te Schoten. Situated a mile and a half from Haarlem center, in those days it was situated in the middle of a town called Schoten. In 1403 it was given to Margaret of Cleves (c.1375-1411), and has since retained that name.[1]

During the Siege of Haarlem in 1572 it was the headquarters of the Spanish army, under the leadership of the duke of Alva. It was blown up in 1573 and badly damaged, the rubble was used for city expansion. The house nearby with a tower called the "Kaatsbaan" was long considered the only building left standing, though recent archeological research suggests that the foundations have older stones than the rest and perhaps it was itself rebuilt after the explosion. The property changed hands several times until it was purchased by the city of Haarlem in 1713. The name "Kaatsbaan" refers to the sport Jeu de paume, an indoor precursor of tennis[2][3] or to "Kaatsen" (Frisian handball), which presumably was once played here, though in the 18th century this was probably "Kolven", a sport somewhat like golf. The St. Eloy's Hospice, an old guild hall in the center of Utrecht, similarly became a center for the Kolf sport after the guilds were disbanded.

Stones from the central castle ruin can still be seen in surrounding buildings. The Kaatsbaan was used as a residence for former owners and is now also in use by the city gardens.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Castles in the Netherlands
  2. ^ Mark Zegeling (2015). Little Kingdom by the Sea: a Celebration of Dutch Cultural Heritage - Secrets of the KLM Houses Revealed. Markmedia & Art. ISBN 9081905627.
  3. ^ Cees de Bondt, De drie nog bestaande Nederlandse Kaatsbanen, De Keatsfreon Jiergong 14, 2005. (in Dutch)

External links[edit]

Media related to Huis ter Kleef at Wikimedia Commons