Hundreds of Denmark

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In the period preceding the Municipal Reform, Denmark was divided into around 170 hundreds (Danish: herred, plural: herreder). In the timeframe 1793 through 1970, each parish was functioning as a municipality within their respective hundreds. The hundreds were in turn part of a county. This was changed in 1970, when the parishes were merged into larger municipalities sometimes crossing hundred borders, and the hundreds fell out of administrative use.

Today, hundreds are used mostly for purposes of genealogy research.

Detail[edit]

Denmark was subdivided into hundreds from the early medieval period until this administrative division was finally abolished as part of the 1970 administrative reform.

Hundreds comprised varying numbers of parishes (Danish: sogn, plural: sogne), and each hundred had its own tingsted (assembly place) where the ting (assembly) was held, serving as court of law in minor affairs (major affairs were decided by the three landsting assemblies, serving as supreme courts in respectively 1) Scania [including Halland, Blekinge and Bornholm], 2) Zealand [including Lolland and Falster] and 3) Jutland and Funen). It has been hypothesised - since an extremely large amount of Denmark's herreder have access to the sea - that the division may have originated in the Viking era, for either offensive or defensive purposes. The subdivision applies to almost all parts of medieval Denmark (see below), including Southern Schleswig, Scania, Halland and Blekinge, but not Rügen.

Jutland (including Southern Schleswig) and most or all of Zealand were divided into syssel divisions (Danish: syssel, plural: sysler), each composed of a number of herreder, which in turn were subdivided into parishes. The syssel division did not apply in other parts of Denmark.

The area between the Danevirke fortifications and the river Eider (originally very sparsely populated) was exceptional in being included into the syssel divisions (as part of Istedsyssel) but was not subdivided into herreder. The area of North Frisian settlement Uthlande, now North Frisia, was subdivided into herreder which in turn were divided into parishes, but this region was not subject to Danish law but to a local Frisian law, and was in the medieval period administered as part of the royal demesne.

When Denmark in the 1660s abolished the former division into fiefs (Len), their replacement, the counties (amt, plural: amter) were similarly based on the herreder which in turn remained subdivided into parishes.

List[edit]

Hundred County
Als Nørre Sønderborg
Als Sønder Sønderborg
Alsted Sorø
Anst Ribe
Ars Holbæk
Bjerge Odense
Bjerre Vejle
Bjæverskov Præstø (since 1803)
Bornholms Nørre Bornholm
Bornholms Sønder Bornholm
Bornholms Vester Bornholm
Bornholms Øster Bornholm
Brusk Vejle
Bølling Ringkøbing
Børglum Hjørring
Båg Odense
Bårse Præstø (since 1803)
Djurs Nørre Randers
Djurs Sønder Randers
Dronninglund Hjørring
Elbo Vejle
Fakse Præstø (since 1803)
Falsters Nørre Maribo
Falsters Sønder Maribo
Fjends Viborg
Fleskum Ålborg
Framlev Århus
Frøs Haderslev
Fuglse Maribo
Galten Randers
Ginding Ringkøbing
Gislum Ålborg
Gjerlev Randers
Gjern Skanderborg
Gram Haderslev
Gudme Svendborg
Gørding Ribe
Haderslev Haderslev
Hads Århus
Hammer Præstø (since 1803)
Hammerum Ringkøbing
Harre Viborg
Hasle Århus
Hassing Thisted
Hatting Vejle
Hellum Ålborg
Hids Viborg
Hind Ringkøbing
Hindborg Viborg
Hindsted Ålborg
Hillerslev Thisted
Hjelmslev Skanderborg
Hjerm Ringkøbing
Holbo Frederiksborg
Holmans Vejle
Horns Frederiksborg
Horns Hjørring
Hornum Ålborg
Houlbjerg Viborg
Hundborg Thisted
Hvetbo Hjørring
Hviding Tønder
Jerlev Vejle
Kær Ålborg
Langelands Nørre Svendborg
Langelands Sønder Svendborg
Lollands Nørre Maribo
Lollands Sønder Maribo
Lunde Odense
Lundtoft Åbenrå
Lynge-Frederiksborg Frederiksborg
Lynge-Kronborg Frederiksborg
Lysgård Viborg
Læsø Hjørring
Løve Holbæk
Malt Ribe
Merløse Holbæk
Middelsom Viborg
Mols Randers
Morsø Nørre Thisted
Morsø Sønder Thisted
Musse Maribo
Mønbo Præstø (since 1803)
Nim Skanderborg
Ning Århus
Nybøl Sønderborg
Nørhald Randers
Nørlyng Viborg
Nørre Viborg
Nørre Horne Ringkøbing
Nørre Rangstrup Haderslev
Nørre Tyrstrup Vejle
Nørvang Vejle
Odense Odense
Ods Holbæk
Onsild Randers
Ramsø Roskilde (København after 1808)
Refs Thisted
Ribe Ribe
Rinds Viborg
Ringsted Sorø
Rise Åbenrå
Rougsø Randers
Rødding Viborg
Sabro Århus
Sallinge Svendborg
Samsø Holbæk
Skam Odense
Skast Ribe
Skippinge Holbæk
Skodborg Ringkøbing
Skovby Odense
Slagelse Sorø
Slavs Ribe
Slet Ålborg
Slogs Tønder
Smørum København
Sokkelund København
Stevns Præstø (since 1803)
Strø Frederiksborg
Støvring Randers
Sunds Svendborg
Sømme Roskilde (København after 1808)
Sønderhald Randers
Sønderlyng Viborg
Sønder Rangstrup Åbenrå
Sønder Tyrstrup Haderslev
Tune Roskilde (København after 1808)
Tuse Holbæk
Tybjerg Præstø (since 1803)
Tyrsting Skanderborg
Tønder, Højer og Lø Tønder
Ulfborg Ringkøbing
Tørrild Vejle
Vandfuld Ringkøbing
Vends Odense
Vennebjerg Hjørring
Vester Flakkebjerg Sorø
Vester Han Thisted
Vester Horne Ribe
Vester Lisbjerg Århus
Vindinge Svendborg
Voer Skanderborg
Voldborg Roskilde (København after 1808)
Vrads Skanderborg
Ølstykke Frederiksborg
Øster Flakkebjerg Sorø
Øster Han Hjørring
Øster Horne Ribe
Øster Lisbjerg Randers
Ærø Svendborg
Års Ålborg
Åsum Odense

References[edit]