Hunt-class mine countermeasures vessel
HMS Quorn in 2001
|Displacement:||750 t (740 long tons; 830 short tons)|
|Length:||60 m (196 ft 10 in)|
|Beam:||9.8 m (32 ft 2 in)|
|Draught:||2.2 m (7 ft 3 in)|
|Speed:||17 kn (31 km/h; 20 mph)|
|Complement:||45 (6 officers & 39 ratings)|
|Sensors and |
|Electronic warfare |
The Hunt class is a class of thirteen mine countermeasure vessels of the Royal Navy. As built, they combined the separate roles of the traditional minesweeper and that of the active minehunter in one hull, but later modifications saw the removal of mine-sweeping equipment. They have a secondary role as offshore patrol vessels.
Upon introduction in the early 1980s they were the largest warships ever built out of glass-reinforced plastic and were the last in operation to use the Napier Deltic diesel engine. All were built by Vosper Thornycroft in Woolston except Cottesmore and Middleton, which were built by Yarrow Shipbuilders Limited on the River Clyde. Quorn was the last ship of the class launched.
Following the sale of Bicester and Berkeley to the Greek Navy, the sale of Cottesmore and Dulverton to the Lithuanian Navy and the decommissioning of Brecon, a contract to re-engine the remaining eight vessels was signed by BAE Systems in 2008, whereby the existing 30-year old Napier Deltic 9-59K power units were replaced by Caterpillar CAT C32 engines, together with new gearboxes, bow thrusters, propellers and control systems, in a six year refurbishment programme that was completed in 2018.
The capabilities of the remaining eight vessels of the Hunt class have been significantly enhanced by the installation of Sonar Type 2193 and the NAUTIS 3 command system. The performance of Sonar 2193 exceeds that of any other mine hunting sonar in service in the world today and is capable of detecting and classifying an object the size of a football at a distance of up to 1,000 metres. In late 2007 Chiddingfold used the Seafox drone, the Royal Navy's mine disposal system, during Exercise Neptune Warrior off Scotland. Seafox is described by the MOD as a "state of the art fire and forget system, capable of destroying mines in depths of up to 300 metres".
Ships in the class
All 13 ships of this class re-used names from the World War II Hunt-class destroyer. Four of the names had also been used for World War I Hunt-class minesweepers: these were HMS Bicester, Cattistock, Cottesmore and Quorn. HMS Atherstone had been a paddlewheel minesweeper in 1916, and Brocklesby was a coaster taken up from trade in 1916.
|Royal Navy||Brecon||M29||Vosper Thornycroft||1978||1980||Decommissioned, now training ship at HMS Raleigh|
|Ledbury||M30||Vosper Thornycroft||1979||1981||In active service|
|Cattistock||M31||Vosper Thornycroft||1981||1982||In active service|
|Brocklesby||M33||Vosper Thornycroft||1982||1982||In active service|
|Middleton||M34||Yarrow Shipbuilders||1983||1984||In active service|
|Chiddingfold||M37||Vosper Thornycroft||1983||1984||In active service|
|Atherstone||M38||Vosper Thornycroft||1986||1986||Decommissioned 14 December 2017|
|Hurworth||M39||Vosper Thornycroft||1984||1985||In active service|
|Quorn||M41||Vosper Thornycroft||1988||1989||Decommissioned 14 December 2017|
|Hellenic Navy||Europa||M62||Vosper Thornycroft||1985||1988 / 2001||In active service, former HMS Bicester|
|Kallisto||M63||Vosper Thornycroft||1986||1986 / 2000||In active service, former HMS Berkeley|
|Lithuanian Naval Force||Skalvis||M53||Yarrow Shipbuilders||1982||1983 / 2011||In active service, former HMS Cottesmore|
|Kuršis||M54||Vosper Thornycroft||1982||1983 / 2011||In active service, former HMS Dulverton|
- "Hunt Class Mine Countermeasures Vessels - Specifications". GlobalSecurity.org. 11 July 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
- "New navigation radar system for Royal Navy". GOV.UK. 28 January 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
- Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships. Annapolis: US Naval Institute Press. 1996. p. 542. ISBN 1-55750-132-7.
- "The Royal Navy's most advanced minehunting sonar has entered service". Thales Group. 26 March 2004. Archived from the original on 15 March 2007. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hunt class mine countermeasure vessel.|
- "Mine Countermeasures Vessels - Hunt Class". Royal Navy.