Hydroxypropyl starch

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Hydroxypropyl starch
Other names
Hydroxyl propyl starch; 2-Hydroxypropyl starch; Hydroxylpropyl starch
ECHA InfoCard 100.118.745 Edit this at Wikidata
E number E1440 (additional chemicals)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

Hydroxypropyl starch is a type of modified starch used as a food additive. I has the E number E1440. Hydroxyl propyl starch is not absorbed intact by the gut, but are significantly hydrolyzed by intestinal enzymes and then fermented by intestinal microbiota.[1]


  1. ^ Mortensen, Alicja; Aguilar, Fernando; Crebelli, Riccardo; Di Domenico, Alessandro; Dusemund, Birgit; Frutos, Maria Jose; Galtier, Pierre; Gott, David; Gundert‐Remy, Ursula; Lambré, Claude; Leblanc, Jean‐Charles; Lindtner, Oliver; Moldeus, Peter; Mosesso, Pasquale; Parent‐Massin, Dominique; Oskarsson, Agneta; Stankovic, Ivan; Waalkens‐Berendsen, Ine; Wright, Matthew; Younes, Maged; Tobback, Paul; Horvath, Zsuzsanna; Tasiopoulou, Stavroula; Woutersen, Rudolf Antonius; Woutersen, R. A. (2017). "Re-evaluation of oxidised starch (E 1404), monostarch phosphate (E 1410), distarch phosphate (E 1412), phosphated distarch phosphate (E 1413), acetylated distarch phosphate (E 1414), acetylated starch (E 1420), acetylated distarch adipate (E 1422), hydroxypropyl starch (E 1440), hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate (E 1442), starch sodium octenyl succinate (E 1450), acetylated oxidised starch (E 1451) and starch aluminium octenyl succinate (E 1452) as food additives". EFSA Journal. 15 (10): 4911. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4911. PMC 7009865. PMID 32625282.