Hypholoma lateritium

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For Bricktop, see Ada "Bricktop" Smith.
Hypholoma lateritium
HypholomaSublateritium.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Strophariaceae
Genus: Hypholoma
Species: H. lateritium
Binomial name
Hypholoma lateritium
(Schaeff.) P. Kumm.
Synonyms

Agaricus carneolus Batsch (1783)
Agaricus lateritius Schaeff. (1774)
Agaricus lateritius var. communis Alb. & Schwein. (1805)
Agaricus lateritius var. pomposus (Bolton) Pers. (1801)
Agaricus pomposus Schumach. (1803)
Agaricus pomposus Bolton (1788)
Agaricus sublateritius Fr. (1838)
Agaricus sublateritius var. schaefferi Berk. & Broome (1879)
Agaricus sublateritius var. squamosus Cooke, Illustrations of British Fungi (Hymenomycetes) (London) 4: pl. 573 (558) (1886)
Agaricus sublateritius var. sublateritius Schaeff.(1774)
Cortinarius schaefferi (Berk. & Broome) Rob. Henry (1981)
Deconica squamosa Cooke (1885)
Dryophila sublateritia (Fr.) Quél. (1888)
Geophila sublateritia (Fr.) Quél. (1886)
Hypholoma lateritium var. lateritium (Schaeff.) P. Kumm. (1871)
Hypholoma lateritium var. pomposum (Bolton) P. Roux & Guy García (2006)
Hypholoma sublateritium (Fr.) Quél. (1872)
Hypholoma sublateritium f. pomposum (Bolton) Massee (1892)
Hypholoma sublateritium f. sublateritium (Fr.) Quél. (1872)
Hypholoma sublateritium f. vulgaris Massee (1892)
Hypholoma sublateritium var. aranoides Raithelh. (1991)
Hypholoma sublateritium var. pomposum (Bolton) Rea (1922)
Hypholoma sublateritium var. schaefferi (Berk. & Broome) Sacc. (1887)
Hypholoma sublateritium var. squamosum (Cooke) Sacc. (1887)
Hypholoma sublateritium var. sublateritium (Fr.) Quél.(1872)
Naematoloma sublateritium (Fr.) P. Karst. (1879)
Pratella lateritia (Schaeff.) Gray (1821)
Psilocybe lateritia (Schaeff.) Noordel. (1995)

Hypholoma lateritium, sometimes called brick cap, is rarer and less well-known than its relatives, the inedible, and poisonous sulfur tuft (Hypholoma fasciculare) and the edible Hypholoma capnoides. Its fruiting bodies are generally larger than either of these. Hypholoma sublateritium is a synonym.

In Europe this mushroom is often considered inedible or even poisonous, but in the USA and Japan it is apparently a popular edible fungus. One further reason to avoid it is the possibility of confusion with Galerina marginata or H. fasciculare.

In Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and West Virginia they are found in dense clusters on stumps and roots from October until long after frosts.[1]

Description[edit]

The cap is 3.5–10cm in diameter, usually with a brick-red coloration in the center and a paler margin. It is smooth, sometimes with red-brown flecks in the middle and sometimes with flaky veil remnants, which can easily be washed off in the rain, on the outside.
The gills are crowded, starting yellowish and becoming grayish with age. They do not have the green color of Hypholoma fasciculare.
The stipe is light yellow and darker below.
Spores have a germ pore and are 6.0-7.5 × 3.5-4.0 μm. The cheilocystidia are variable; the spore powder is olive purple-brown.
The taste of Hypholoma lateritium is mild to somewhat bitter.

However, when cooked, brick caps have a nutty flavor. They are especially delicious when sauteed in olive oil.[2]

They are best when collected young; older specimens tend to be bitter from being fouled by insects.[3]


Hypholoma lateritium
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium
cap is convex
hymenium is adnate
stipe is bare
spore print is brown
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: not recommended

References[edit]

  1. ^ McIlvaine, Charles & Robert K. Macadam. 1973. One Thousand American Fungi. Dover. New York. ISBN 0-486-22782-0.
  2. ^ Cornell Mushroom Blog. http://blog.mycology.cornell.edu/?p=27
  3. ^ Palmer, E. Laurence, and H. Seymour Fowler. 1975. Fieldbook of Natural History: Second Edition. McGraw Hill. New York. xviii + 779 pp. ISBN 0-07-048425-2 (Hypholoma sublateritium, p. 86.)

Gallery[edit]