Hyracodontidae

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Hyracodontidae[1]
Temporal range: Early Eocene-Early Miocene, 55.8–26 Ma
Hyracodon.jpg
Hyracodon
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Superfamily: Rhinocerotoidea
Family: Hyracodontidae
Cope, 1879
Subfamilies

Hyracodontidae is an extinct family of rhinoceroses endemic to North America, Europe, and Asia during the Eocene through early Miocene living from 48.6—26.3 mya, existing for approximately 22.3 million years.[2]

They are typified as having long limbs and having no horns. These animals were initially modest in size and fast moving, having evolved from smaller members of Rhinocerotoidea during the Late Eocene and Early Oligocene. They later evolved into gigantic forms that included the largest terrestrial mammals ever to have lived (the Indricotheriinae or Paraceratheriinae).

Hyracodontidae thrived in the rainforests of Kazakhstan, Pakistan, and southwest China, a former coastal region. Fossil evidence also extends their geographical range to Germany

References[edit]

  1. ^ McKenna, M. C; S. K. Bell (1997). Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-11012-X. 
  2. ^ PaleoBiology Database: Hyracodontidae, basic info
  • Lucas, S. G. & Sobus, J. C., (1989), The Systematics of Indricotheres. 358-378 in Prothero, D. R. & Schoch, R. M., (eds.) 1989: The Evolution of Perissodactyls, Oxford University Press, New York, New York & Oxford, England.