IP address management

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IP address management (IPAM) is software that can plan, track, and manage the IP addresses used in a computer network.[1]

Although IPAM is a way of managing network addressing, it does not typically provide Domain Name System (DNS) and Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP).[2][3] Such systems are known as DDI,[4] or DNS, DHCP, IPAM systems. IPAM is often confused with DDI (DNS/DHCP/IPAM), of which it's a single component.

Some IPAM applications are provided as part of a DDI system,[5] examples are offerings from Cisco Systems, SolarWinds, Men & Mice[6] and Microsoft[7]. Others integrate with other standalone DNS and DHCP services.

Additional functionality, such as controlling reservations in DHCP and other data aggregation and reporting capabilities, is also common. Data tracked by an IPAM system may include information such as IP addresses in use, the devices an IP is assigned to at what time, as well as to which user an IP was assigned. This information can also support troubleshooting and abuse investigations.[8]

IPAM tools are increasingly important as new IPv6 networks are deployed with larger address pools, different subnetting techniques and more complex 128-bit hexadecimal numbers, which are not as easily human-readable as IPv4 addresses.[9] IPv6 networking, mobile computing, and multihoming require more dynamic address management.

Common characteristics[edit]

A brief list of the characteristics of a system must be, at least:[10]

  • It must keep track of infrastructures and their devices, must be able to reconcile new devices and keep track of those that have been disincorporated.
  • A global and transparent view of the devices, in a single summary that includes as many physical devices as virtual devices.
  • It must keep instant maps of the state of the networks to be consulted at any time and in chronological order.
  • It must be rich in graphic elements, that even support very detailed views and that can be expanded and show more information, also in graphic form.
  • It must handle very well the system of access by roles for each of the users
  • If possible, the IPAM should have a good DNS/DHCP integrated; in any case, it must be able to consult information from multiple software from third parties for such services.
  • In order to guarantee its easy modification and / or correction, it is desirable that it be written in libre software; this is also useful to be able to integrate it with other solutions, whether free or proprietary.

List of products[edit]

Solution License Current release Latest Release IPv6 support VRF support Database support
6connect[11] Commercial 6.1.1 2017-12-01 Yes Yes MySQL, ElasticSearch
Address Commander[12] Commercial 5.11 2017-04-01 Yes Yes PostgreSQL, MySQL, Oracle
ApplianSys DNSBOX[13] Commercial 3.4.0 2013-04-29 Yes No Embedded PostgreSQL Database
Apteriks[14] Subscription based (freemium) 19.1.0.0 2019-03-17 Yes Yes n/a
BlueCat Networks[15][16][17] Commercial 8.3.0 2017-09-28 Yes No Embedded PostgreSQL Database
BT Diamond IP[18][19][20] Commercial 9.0.23 2017-06-18 Yes Yes MySQL, Oracle
Calico[21] Apache 3.5.0 2019-01-24 Yes No Etcd
Cisco Network Registrar[22] Commercial 7.2 2011-04-27 Yes No Yes SQL
Collins[23] Apache 2.0.0 2016-09-19 Yes No MySQL MariaDB
Device42[24] Commercial 15.12.09 2019-02-14 Yes Yes Embedded PostgreSQL Database
Easy-IP[25] Commercial 7.0.1 2015-03-31 Yes Yes FirebirdSQL
EfficientIP[26] Commercial 7.0.1 & 6.0.2.P4 2019-03-20 Yes Yes Embedded DDBMS
FusionLayer Infinity[27] Commercial 2.7.0.0 2018-12-22 Yes Yes Hybrid PostgreSQL & NoSQL
GestióIP[28][29][30] GPLv3 3.4.5 2019-01-19 Yes Yes MySQL
GLPI-IPAM[31] GPLv2 1.1 2014-08-12 Yes No MySQL
HaCi[32] GPLv2 0.98c 2015-03-04 Yes ? MySQL, PostgreSQL
i-doit[33] Commercial 1.9.1 2017-06-19 Yes Yes MariaDB/MySQL
Infoblox[3][34] Commercial 8.3.2 2018-11-07 Yes Yes Embedded real-time distributed database
IP-Admin[35] Commercial 5.0 2012-06-01 No Yes Microsoft SQL Server
IPplan[36] GPLv3 6.00Beta 2010-04-29 Yes No PostgreSQL, MySQL, Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server
MAAS - Metal as a Service[37] GNU General Public License 2.0 2016-04-23 Yes No PostgreSQL
Men & Mice Suite[38] Commercial 9.1 2018-07-12 Yes Yes internal SQLite, Microsoft SQL Server
Microsoft[39][40] Commercial Windows Server 2012 R2 / 2016 2013-10-17 Yes No Windows Internal Database, Microsoft SQL Server
Morpheus[41][42] Commercial 2.8.4 2016-10-19 Yes Yes PostgreSQL, MySQL, Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server
MyIP[43] GPLv3 1.0 2011-05-18 Yes Yes MySQL
NetBox[44] Apache 2.5.5 2019-01-31 Yes Yes PostgreSQL
NetDB[45] GPLv2 4.6.2R1 2011-08-25 Yes No Oracle
Netdot[46] GPL 1.0.7 2015-01-08 Yes No MySQL, PostgreSQL
Netmagis[47] CeCILL-B (compatible with BSD) 2.3.6 2018-07-26 Yes Yes PostgreSQL
NIPAP[48][49] MIT 0.29.6 2016-11-25 Yes Yes PostgreSQL
NameSurfer[50] Commercial 7.6.5 2018-11-12 Yes Yes PostgreSQL
NOC[51] BSD 15.05.1 2015-05-20 Yes Yes PostgreSQL
NSoT[52] Apache 1.2.2 2017-08-30 Yes No MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, SQLite
OpenNetAdmin[53] GPLv2 18.1.1 2018-01-03 Yes No MySQL (via adodb)
Pandora FMS IPAM ext.[54] GNU General Public License or proprietary EULA 7.0 NG 715 2017-11-15 Yes No MySQL
phpIP[55] GPL 4.3.2 2006-11-06 No No MySQL
phpIPAM[56] GPLv3 1.3.2 2018-06-27 Yes Yes MySQL, MariaDB
RackTables[57] GPLv2 0.20.13 2017-05-12 Yes No MySQL, MariaDB
Ralph[58] Apache 3.0 2016-01-27 Yes No MySQL
Route Inventory Management[59] Commercial 1.18 2013-02-04 Yes No Embedded database
Sauron[60] GPL 0.7.3 2010-02-19 No No PostgreSQL
SolarWinds IP Address Manager[61][62][63] Commercial 4.6 2017-12-04 Yes No Microsoft SQL Server
subnetsmngr[64] GPLv2 2.0 2011-11-23 Yes No PostgreSQL
TCPWave IPAM Suite[65][66] Commercial 11.5 2015-08-06 Yes No MySQL
TeemIp[67][68] AGPLv3 2.1.2 2017-07-28 Yes Yes MySQL
VitalQIP[69][70] Commercial 8.1.2 2017-01-27 Yes Yes Sybase, Oracle
ZDNS[71] Commercial 3.8.2.1 2017-02-13 Yes Yes SQLite, MySQL

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lando, Gabriel (4 December 2013). "Understanding Internet Protocol Address Management (IPAM)". FileCloud Blog. Archived from the original (html) on 10 January 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2019. What is IP Address Management? Internet Protocol (IP) addresses are valid assets to an organization and just like any other asset, they need to be properly managed. IPAM refers to an IT discipline that mainly involves auditing, monitoring and centralized management of IP address spaces and subnet usage. They replace home grown applications such as spreadsheets and provide insight into the inventory of assignable IP addresses.
  2. ^ Bass, John (3 December 2007). "Tools cure IP address-management headaches". Network World. Archived from the original (html) on 16 July 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2019. IPAM products keep strict tabs on IP addresses, DNS names, MX records, aliases or any other standard DNS object attribute. An obvious extension to IPAM is the ability to push IP address information out to DNS and DHCP servers to make the information usable across the network. Some IPAM solutions completely take over the operation and configuration of DNS/DHCP services and some simply control cursory operational aspects of these services.
  3. ^ a b González, Katrina (20 April 2018). "IP Address Management Tools: Best IPAM Tools for 2018". Router Freak!. Archived from the original (html) on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2019. With the Infoblox IPAM tool, DNS, DHCP, NTP, FILE distribution and IPAM are all integrated into one console.
  4. ^ Andrew Lerner; Christian Canales (24 February 2015). "Market Guide for DNS, DHCP and IP Address Management (DDI)" (PDF). Calleva Networks. Archived from the original (pdf) on 7 February 2019. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  5. ^ González, Katrina (20 April 2018). "IP Address Management Tools: Best IPAM Tools for 2018". Router Freak!. Archived from the original (html) on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2019. It’s DDI tool is specifically built to securely manage and react to real-time updates in the cloud or datacenter without having Legacy software problems that limit security and performance. TCPWave was created upon a non-BIND base which means that the IPAM methodology is somewhat different from the usual IPAM software which makes it highly scalable and adaptable to changes.
  6. ^ González, Katrina (20 April 2018). "IP Address Management Tools: Best IPAM Tools for 2018". Router Freak!. Archived from the original (html) on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2019. The Men & Mice IPAM would have to be the first dedicated IPAM solution to fully integrate with Microsoft AD (Active Directory).
  7. ^ Liza Poggemeyer; James McIllece (17 October 2017). "IP Address Management (IPAM)". Microsoft Docs. Archived from the original (html) on 28 February 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2019. IPAM automatically discovers IP address infrastructure servers and Domain Name System (DNS) servers on your network and enables you to manage them from a central interface.
  8. ^ Sandbu, Marius (8 April 2012). "IPAM (IP Address Management) Server windows 8". Msandbu Org. Archived from the original (html) on 8 December 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2019. Audit of server configuration changes and tracking of IP address usage: Operational events are displayed for the IPAM server and managed DHCP servers. IPAM also enables IP address tracking using DHCP lease events and user logon events collected from Network Policy Server (NPS), domain controllers, and DHCP servers. Tracking is available by IP address, client ID, host name, or user name.
  9. ^ Doyle, Jeff (January 28, 2011). "Jeff Doyle on IP Routing: IPv6 Address Design". Framingham, MA: Network World, Inc. Retrieved March 17, 2011.
  10. ^ Garrison, Steve (18 April 2011). "7 Must Have Attributes of an IP Address Management System". CicleID. Archived from the original (html) on 8 July 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  11. ^ IPAM for IPv4 and IPv6
  12. ^ Address Commander: Manage thousands to millions of IP addresses for business and consumer services
  13. ^ Planning your IP Address Space
  14. ^ Apteriks - Subscription based IP Address Management
  15. ^ James (20 April 2017). "7 Top Open Source IP Address Management Software". Codeable Magazine. Archived from the original (html) on 20 April 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2019. Bluecat is enterprises level open source IP Address management software with a lot of configurations.
  16. ^ González, Katrina (20 April 2018). "IP Address Management Tools: Best IPAM Tools for 2018". Router Freak!. Archived from the original (html) on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2019. BlueCat Network’s incorporated software distributions of their applications allows users to run it on any virtual machine environment. It’s IPAM tool provides a user-friendly interface and does a pretty quick and accurate job of gathering all the usual data in a network such as the IP address, DNS, DHCP lease, host records and mac addresses.
  17. ^ Take control of the complex with BlueCat Address Manager.
  18. ^ Bass, John (3 December 2007). "Tools cure IP address-management headaches". Network World. Archived from the original (html) on 16 July 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2019. BT DiamondIP offers the product in the form of an appliance (which we tested) or as software that can run on your own server hardware, both of which are accessible via Web-based and command line interfaces. But while IPControl is architecturally similar to VitalQIP, it’s much less complex.
  19. ^ González, Katrina (20 April 2018). "IP Address Management Tools: Best IPAM Tools for 2018". Router Freak!. Archived from the original (html) on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2019. BT Diamond IP is currently available as an appliance or as a software install. It integrates well with existing DNS and DHCP services in your network. It offers a fully-staffed managed solution making it ideal for companies with a small IT department.
  20. ^ IP address management
  21. ^ IPAM Using CNI configuration
  22. ^ Cisco Prime Network Registrar
  23. ^ IPAM for engineers, API included
  24. ^ IP Address Management (IPAM)
  25. ^ IP Address Management made easy
  26. ^ IP Address Management, DNS & DHCP Services
  27. ^ Software-Defined IP Address Management (IPAM)
  28. ^ James (20 April 2017). "7 Top Open Source IP Address Management Software". Codeable Magazine. Archived from the original (html) on 20 April 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2019. Gestio open source IP address management software which provides web interface for IPV4 and IPV6 tracking.
  29. ^ González, Katrina (20 April 2018). "IP Address Management Tools: Best IPAM Tools for 2018". Router Freak!. Archived from the original (html) on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2019. GestióIP is a free, automated web-based IPAM tool that stands out with its unique search engine based method network scanning.
  30. ^ Open Source IP Address Management Software
  31. ^ Plugins GLPI-PROJECT » Internet Protocol Address Management
  32. ^ Welcome to HaCi 0.98c
  33. ^ IP Address Management (IPAM)
  34. ^ Simplify IPAM and DHCP Management
  35. ^ IP-Admin IP Address Manager (IPAM)
  36. ^ IPplan
  37. ^ What MAAS offers
  38. ^ IP Address Management (IPAM)
  39. ^ Davis, David (18 September 2013). "Understanding IP Address Management (IPAM)". Techgenix. Archived from the original (html) on 23 March 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2019. But the most crucial thing about Windows Server 2012 IPAM to differentiate it from the competition is that, by default, it only supports Microsoft devices. That’s right, it won’t inventory or support any devices except Windows servers and Windows workstations. However, you can use PowerShell to import IP addresses from non-Microsoft devices that you want added to the IPAM database.
  40. ^ IP Address Management (IPAM) Overview
  41. ^ "3 Reasons You Need an IP Address Management (IPAM) Strategy in 2017". Morpheus. 7 December 2016. Archived from the original (html) on 3 October 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2019. Morpheus Difference: If you are looking to begin using IPAM, as well as other cloud services, why not try out Morpheus, which makes provisioning, scaling, and maintenance of your apps and servers a breeze. In addition to having an excellent IPAM solution, Morpheus allows you to provision databases and servers quickly, and have your app up and running in no time!
  42. ^ 3 Reasons You Need an IP Address Management (IPAM) Strategy in 2017
  43. ^ MyIP IP Management System
  44. ^ NetBox is an IP address management (IPAM) and data center infrastructure management (DCIM) tool.
  45. ^ Stanford NetDB
  46. ^ Network Documentation Tool
  47. ^ (in French) Netmagis : Spécifications
  48. ^ James (20 April 2017). "7 Top Open Source IP Address Management Software". Codeable Magazine. Archived from the original (html) on 20 April 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2019. Nipap is open source Ip address management software to handle a large amount of IP Addresses.
  49. ^ A network engineers best friend
  50. ^ NameSurfer IP Address Management (IPAM)
  51. ^ Address Space Management (IPAM)
  52. ^ Network Source of Truth is an open source IPAM and network inventory database
  53. ^ OpenNetAdmin Features
  54. ^ "IP Address Management (IPAM)". Pandora FMS Blog. 5 May 2014. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
  55. ^ phpIP Management is a complete IPv4 IPAM (IP address management) suite
  56. ^ phpIPAM Feature list
  57. ^ RackTables current development repository
  58. ^ Ralph is full-featured Asset Management, DCIM and CMDB system for data centers and back offices.
  59. ^ Route Inventory Management
  60. ^ Sauron - DNS & DHCP Management System
  61. ^ James (20 April 2017). "7 Top Open Source IP Address Management Software". Codeable Magazine. Archived from the original (html) on 20 April 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2019. Solarwinds is a simple and easy to use open source IP Address Management Software on modest price.
  62. ^ González, Katrina (20 April 2018). "IP Address Management Tools: Best IPAM Tools for 2018". Router Freak!. Archived from the original (html) on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2019. The Solarwinds IPAM offers a lot of great features that can be easily integrated into existing systems. It is the best choice for mid-size organizations as it allows the monitoring of an entire address space from a single dashboard.
  63. ^ IP Address Manager
  64. ^ Subnet manager web interface supporting IPv4 and IPv6 to document your subnets and individual IPs
  65. ^ González, Katrina (20 April 2018). "IP Address Management Tools: Best IPAM Tools for 2018". Router Freak!. Archived from the original (html) on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2019. TCPWave provides over 675 RESTful API calls to integrate DNS and DHCP infrastructure and it works seamlessly with many of the popular cloud offerings such as AWS, Google, DYN/Oracle and MS Azure.
  66. ^ TCPWave IPAM Born in the cloud, Born for the cloud
  67. ^ James (20 April 2017). "7 Top Open Source IP Address Management Software". Codeable Magazine. Archived from the original (html) on 20 April 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2019. TeemIP is a standalone application to cope the complexity of IP Addresses.
  68. ^ TeemIp - IP Address Management solution
  69. ^ Bass, John (3 December 2007). "Tools cure IP address-management headaches". Network World. Archived from the original (html) on 16 July 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2019. VitalQIP – delivered as software that runs on a standard network server -- from an architectural perspective is infinitely scalable and has full control of all DNS and DHCP services from either Web client, a native client that runs on a desktop and a command line interface. VitalQIP developers wrote their own DNS and DHCP services. And while they say their code is based on ISC code, it is still a proprietary implementation of the service standards.
  70. ^ VitalQIP Appliance Manager
  71. ^ Fast CLI DNS Lookup Tool

External links[edit]