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Ibzan (Hebrew: אִבְצָן’Iḇṣān; Ancient Greek: Ἀβαισσάν; Latin: Abesan, meaning "illustrious") [1] appears in the Hebrew Bible as the tenth of the Judges of Israel. Very little is said about him, except the following:

8And after him [i.e. Jephthah], Ibzan of Bethlehem judged Israel.
9 And he had thirty sons, and thirty daughters, whom he sent abroad, and took in thirty daughters from abroad for his sons. And he judged Israel seven years.
10 Then died Ibzan, and was buried at Bethlehem.

— Judges 12:8–10 (King James Version)

Many scholars believe that the Bethlehem referred to in this passage is the Bethlehem in the territory of the Tribe of Zebulun, in Galilee, rather than the more famous Bethlehem in the Tribe of Judah.[2]

However, the Talmud (Bava Batra 91a) asserts that Ibzan is to be identified with Boaz from the Book of Ruth, who lived in the Bethlehem in Judah, and that he consummated his marriage with Ruth on the last night of his life.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Easton, Matthew George (1897), "Ibzan", Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.), T. Nelson and Sons
  2. ^ Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on Judges 12, accessed 8 November 2016

External links[edit]

  •  "Ibzan". Collier's New Encyclopedia. 1921.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainEaston, Matthew George (1897). "Ibzan". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons.

Preceded by
Judge of Israel Succeeded by