Ieuan ap Hywel Swrdwal
Ieuan ap Hywel Swrdwal (?1430 - ?1480) was a Welsh poet, from Norman stock. He composed primarily in Welsh, but was also responsible for the first known poem in the English language written by a Welshman. His father Hywel Swrdwal was also a poet, and there are doubts as to whether a number of extant works should be attributed to the father or to the son. He is reputed to have composed a history of Wales, but this has not survived.
O michti ladi, owr leding/ tw haf
O, mighty lady, our leading/ to have
The poem consists of 96 lines in 13 stanzas. It is an address to Christ through the Virgin Mary.
An alternative claim for the first poem in English written by a Welshman is made for John Clanvowe's The Book of Cupid, God of Love or The Cuckoo and the Nightingale, a long love poem based on The Owl and the Nightingale.
Garlick, Raymond, and Roland Mathias. Anglo-Welsh Poetry 1480-1990 (Bridgend: Seren, 1995).
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