In June 2004, "ilunga" was reported as being a Bantu word meaning "a person who is ready to forgive any abuse for the first time, to tolerate it a second time, but never a third time", and - in the opinion of 1,000 linguists surveyed on the subject – the world's most difficult word to translate.
Ilunga as a family name
- Kalala Ilunga, legendary founder of the Luba ethnic group of Democratic Republic of Congo
- Bendele Ilunga, boxer, Belgium
- Didier Ilunga-Mbenga, basketball, Congo, joined Dallas Mavericks in July 2004
- Dorah Ilunga Kabulu, politician, Belgium
- Enock Ilunga, painter, Zambia
- Hérita Ilunga, footballer, Democratic Republic of Congo
- Ferousi Ilunga, boxer, Congo
- Ilunga A. Kalonzo Ilunga, politician, Congo
- Ilunga Katele, traditional culture hero, royal ancestor of the Chokwe people
- Martin-Léonard Bakole wa Ilunga (deceased), Catholic archbishop, Congo
- Masengo Ilunga, former footballer of Ethnikos Piraeus born in Zaire.
- Gen. Ilunga Shamanga (deceased), Congo, Army General, last interior minister of Mobutu's regime, and later prominent member of the Congolese Rally for Democracy rebel group.
- Ilunga Mwepu, Congolese footballer
- Kasongo Ilunga, Congolese politician
Tshiluba is a language spoken in southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.
- MacIntyre, Ben. Why do Koreans say "a biscuit would be nice" instead of "I want a biscuit"?, The Times, August 21, 2004.