In-image advertising uses “data about the image, its tags, and the surrounding content to match images with ads that are contextually relevant.”  Once a website owner integrates the scripts onto their publishing systems, site visitors can move their mouse over the images or look at an image for a certain amount of time to reveal an ad.
Most in-image advertising have the following characteristics:
- When a user mouses over an image on a website, a small overlay on the lower segment of the image appears.
- The overlay can be closed out by the user.
- Some in-image ad technologies produce a pop-up box when visitors mouse over images.
- Clicking on the text of an in-image advertisement directs users to a new page.
In-image ads were first introduced by GumGum in February, 2008, as a way for publishers to pay image licensing fees on an ad-supported basis. Picad Media, which launched its "in-picture ad network" in September, 2008, was later renamed Image Space Media and was acquired by Vibrant Media in January, 2012.
Since the turn of the decade as the web has shifted towards one with increasingly visual content  new companies have emerged such as Znaptag and Advant Technology Ltd. In June 2014 NetSeer introduced InImageLinks, a service that embeds contextual text and display ads within editorial images and addresses challenges associated with new Viewable Impression metrics.
- Mei T, Hua X, & Li S (2008). Contextual In-image Advertising. In Proceedings of the 16hth ACM International Conference on Multimedia, 439-448.
- Saint N (April 7, 2010). Ex AOLer Joins Startup That Wants To Put Ads In Images All Over The Internet. Business Insider
- Michael Arrington (February 13, 2008) . "GumGum Launches New Image Licensing Platform".
- Michael Arrington (September 8, 2008) DemoPit Company: Picad Media. TechCrunch 50 2008.
- Anthony Ha (January 19, 2012) Vibrant Media Boosts In-Image Ads With Acquisition
- Stephen Harvey (October 13, 2014) . Advant Technology 51 2014.
- Mindy Charski (August 4, 2014)