Incarceration in Ukraine
Use of punishment
A sentence of incarceration may be for between 1 and 15 years. If two or more offenses or consecutive sentences are handed down in one case, this period can be increased to 25 years. Depending on the maximum period of incarceration (along with certain amounts of fines after 17 January 2012), crimes may be classified as small crimes (maximum 2 years), medium crimes (up to 5 years), grave crimes (maximum 10 years), or extra grave crimes (up to 15 years, as well as sentences of life imprisonment). Reduced terms of incarceration apply to minors.
Types of prison colonies
There are three types of colonies: minimum security level, medium security level, and maximum security level. Minors serve sentences in educational colonies (Ukrainian: виховна колонія). In these colonies, areas of quarantine, diagnostics and distribution, resocialization, and intensified supervision are organised. They differ as to living conditions. Depending on the behaviour of a convicted person, he can be moved from one type of colony to another.