Indus Basin Project

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A flooded Indus river inundates the Srinagar-Kargil-Leh highway.

The Indus Basin Project is a water control project that resulted from a treaty, Indus Waters Treaty, signed between India and Pakistan in 1960 that guaranteed that Pakistan would receive water from the Indus River independent from upstream control by India.[1]

Indus Water Treaty (IWT) restrains both (India) and lower (Pakistan) riparian from pulling out of accord from fear of deadly consequences. IWT is founded on World Bank's professionally prepared com-prehensive terms and conditions keeping in mind future regional developments. This treaty has given control of three eastern rivers (Ravi, Beas and Sutlej) to India and three western rivers (Indus, Jhelum and Chenab) to Pakistan. Upper riparian diverted 34 million acre feet (MAF) water out of eastern rivers before entering into Pakistan and launched run-of-river power plants spree on western rivers in last two decades. Restricting water flow to lower riparian in the name of pond filling needs attention. Unrestricted use of water in run-of-river power plants is pointed out to be a limiting factor in Indus Water Treaty. Continuum of cooperation has room for collaboration under Indus Water Treaty. India and Pakistan can sort out disputes by dialogue, in light of rights and needs, rather Harmon Doctrine.[2]

The project consisted of the construction of two main dams, the Mangla Dam built on the Jhelum River and the Tarbela Dam constructed on the Indus River, together with their subsidiary dams.[3]


  1. ^ Tarbela Dam at Structurae. Retrieved on 2007-07-09.
  2. ^ Kalair, Ali Raza; Abas, Naeem; Ul Hasan, Qadeer; Kalair, Esmat; Kalair, Anam; Khan, Nasrullah (June 2019). "Water, energy and food nexus of Indus Water Treaty: Water governance". Water-Energy Nexus. 2 (1): 10–24. doi:10.1016/j.wen.2019.04.001.
  3. ^ "Indus Basin Project". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2007-07-09.