Industrial training institute
Industrial Training Institutes & "Industrial Training Centers" are training institute which provide training in technical field and constituted under Directorate General of Employment & Training (DGET), Ministry of Labour & Employment, Union Government of India.
Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) are government-run training organisations. Industrial Training Centres (ITCs) are privately run equivalents. They provide post-school technical training. In 2002 there were 1800 ITIs, providing 373 000 training places, and 2850 ITCs providing 305 000 places. c vb 400 ITIs in India, covered under the scheme – Upgradation into Centers of Excellence Its a Vocational Training Improvement Project with World Bank Assistance.
Access to ITIs
Normally a person who has passed 10 standard (HSLC) is eligible for admission to ITI. The objective of opening of ITI is provide technical manpower to industries. These persons are trained in basic skills required to do jobs of say operator or a craftsman. The course in ITI is designed in way to impart basic skill in the trade specified. The duration of course may vary from one year to three years depending upon trade opted. After completion of desired period of training the person is eligible to appear in the AITT ( All India Trade Test ) conducted by NCVT( National Council for Vocational training ). After passing AITT, the person is awarded NATIONAL TRADE CERTIFICATE (NTC)in concerning trade by NCVT. After passing ITI course a person may opt to undergo practical training in his trade in an industry for a year or two. Again the person has to appear & pass in a test to be conducted by NCVT to get the NATIONAL APPRENTICESHIP CERTIFICATE . There are both government funded and private (self-financing) ITI's in India. Most of ITI's impart training in engineering trades like instrument mechanic, electrician, fitter, plumber, diesel mechanic, Computer Operator & Programming Assistant (COPA), electrical mechanic, Information Technology, Mechanic Computer Hardware, Refrigeration & Air Conditioning, Turner, Welder, etc. Industrial Training Centre (ITC's) are self-financing and provide same courses as ITI's. Trade test for ITI and ITC trainees are common. The certificate issued by NCVT are of same standard whether one had a training in Government owned ITI or privately owned ITC.
A 2003 study of the ITIs conducted under the auspices of the International Labour Organisation found that a significant imbalance had developed between the needs of the Indian economy and the training activities of the ITIs, which were producing too many graduates for skills affected by industrial decline, and too few in the emerging and informal areas of the economy.
Opportunities after ITI
People of electrician trade can go for higher studies like diploma in engineering. There are also specialised short term courses in Advanced Training Institute (ATI) which enhances the skills of candidates. ITI qualified persons can set up their own garage, motor/generator/transformer winding shops or fabrication shops depending upon trade opted. Also candidates can apply for jobs in private sector and public sectors. Government organisations like Indian Army,Railway , Rseb, Navy, Airforce and also paramilitary forces like BSF, CRPF provide opportunities for ITI passed candidates of different trades.
Access to COE, ITIs
Eligibility criteria for admission is same as an ITI.
- The objective of the scheme is to upgrade the existing 400 ITIs into “Centers of Excellence (CoE)” for producing multi skilled workforce of world standard.
- The highlights of the scheme are introduction of multiskilling courses (BBBT- Broad Based Basic Training ) of one year duration, followed by Advanced/Specialized Modular courses subsequently by adopting industry wise cluster approach, multi entry and multi exit provisions, and Public-Private-Partnership in the form of Institute Management Committees (IMCs) to ensure greater & active involvement of industry in all aspects of training.
Criteria of selection of ITI
The identification of ITIs within a State/UT is to be done by the State/UT Government, keeping in view the following guidelines:
- A cluster of specific category of industry like Information Technology, Electronics, Electrical, Automobile, Chemical, Fabrication etc. should preferably be available in the surrounding areas of the selected ITIs
- Academic, administrative, financial and management autonomy will have to be provided to the selected ITIs for upgradation as Centres of Excellence.
- The selected ITI should have constituted/ constitute Institute Management Committees in order to create a public-private partnership model for implementing the scheme.
- The selected ITI should have proper surroundings, sufficient area for landscaping, well constructed buildings with adequate space for additions/alterations and other infrastructural facilities. The institte should be well connected by road / railway station.
- States are required to sign an MOU with Central Government before funds are released. Detailed guidelines have been issued in this regard
Industrial Training in Engineering
In Engineering third year Indian students are advised to go for a practical industrial training at various Companies and Organizations.
- "Armed with technical edge, poor students land a job". The Times of India. 12 September 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- Gasskov, Vladimir; Ashwani Aggarwal, Anil Grover, Aswani Kumar and Q.L. Juneja (2003). INDUSTRIAL TRAINING INSTITUTES OF INDIA: THE EFFICIENCY STUDY REPORT (PDF). Geneva: InFocus Programme on Skills, Knowledge, and Employability (IFP/SKILLS), ILO. Retrieved 21 April 2010.