Mexican Social Security Institute
|Formed||January 19, 1943|
|Jurisdiction||Federal government of Mexico|
|Headquarters||Reforma 476, Col. Juárez, México City|
|Annual budget||MXN$335 billion (2021)|
|Parent agency||Secretary of Health|
The Mexican Institute of Social Security (Spanish: Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, IMSS) is a governmental organization that assists public health, pensions and social security in Mexico operating under the Secretariat of Health. It also forms an integral part of the Mexican healthcare system.
The IMSS was founded by President Manuel Ávila Camacho on January 19, 1943, in order to satisfy the legal precepts established in the Article 123 of the Constitution. It is constituted by representations of the Workers, Employers and the Federal government.
It is the largest social welfare institution in all Latin America.
For some time, however, there have been festering signs of trouble in IMSS, not the least being serious financial problems that came to a head in early November 2010.
|officeholder||term in office|
|Vicente Santos Guajardo||1940-1944|
|Ignacio García Téllez||1944-1946|
|Antonio Díaz Lombardo||1946-1952|
|Antonio Ortiz Mena||1952-1958|
|Benito Coquet Lagunes||1958-1964|
|Sealtiel Alatriste Ábrego||1964-1966|
|Ignacio Morones Prieto||1966-1970|
|Carlos Gálvez Betancourt||1970-1975|
|Jesús Reyes Heroles||1975-1976|
|Arsenio Farell Cubillas||1976-1982|
|Ricardo García Sainz||1982 - 1991|
|Emilio Gamboa Patrón||1991 - 1993|
|Genaro Borrego Estrada||1993-2000|
|Mario Luis Fuentes Alcalá||2000|
|Santiago Levy Algazi||2000-2005|
|Fernando Flores y Pérez||2005-2006|
|Juan Francisco Molinar Horcasitas||2006-2009|
|Daniel Karam Toumeh||2009-2012|
|José Antonio González Anaya||2012-2016|
|Mikel Andoni Arriola Peñalosa||2016–2017|
|Tufic Miguel Ortega||2017–2018|
|Germán Martínez Cázares||2018–2019|
|Zoé Robledo Aburto||2019–|
Mexican Social Security Law
The Mexican Social Security law currently in effect, published in the Official Journal of the Federation (21 December 1995), is the legislative domain under which the IMSS carries out its operations.
Currently the law indicates that Social Security has the following purposes:
- Medical assistance
- Protection of basic necessities of subsistence
- Social services necessary for individual and collective well-being
- Giving out a pension which, depending on the completion of the legal prerequisites, will be guaranteed by the State
The law contemplates two domains, an "obligatory" one (funded by individual, employer and state contributions), and a "voluntary" one (aimed at workers in household industries and self-employed professionals).
The following items are excluded from the base quoted salary:
- Tools of trade such as tools and clothing
- Savings deposits, when they are made up of a weekly, biweekly or monthly deposit equally from the worker and the employer
- Additional voluntary contributions
- Contributions to INFONAVIT
- Food and lodging when they are given in an onerous manner
- Payments in coin or cash
- Rewards for attendance and punctuality
- Overtime, within limits established by law
- Flores Alvarado, A. and J.A. Moran Zenteno. The effects of the health care model of the IMSS-COPLAMAR program on the health status of the underprivileged rural population in Mexico. Mexico: Salud Pública de Mexico. 1989 (Nov-Dec 31(6):745-56.