Integrated Food Security Phase Classification

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The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC), also known as IPC scale, is a tool for improving food security analysis and decision-making.[1] It is a standardised scale that integrates food security, nutrition and livelihood information into a statement about the nature and severity of a crisis and implications for strategic response.[1]

The IPC was originally developed for use in Somalia by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization’s Food Security Analysis Unit (FSAU).[citation needed] Several national governments and international agencies, including CARE International, European Commission Joint Research Centre (EC JRC), Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO), USAID/FEWS NET, Oxfam GB, Save the Children UK/US, and United Nations World Food Programme (WFP), have been working together to adapt it to other food security contexts.[1][2][3]

IPC scale[edit]

The following table includes a summary of the IPC scale:[4][3][5]

IPC Phase Number Phase Description
1 Generally Food Secure More than 80% of households can meet basic food needs without atypical coping strategies
2 Borderline Food Insecure For at least 20 percent of households, food consumption is reduced but minimally adequate without having to engage in irreversible coping strategies. These households cannot fully meet livelihoods protection needs.
3 Acute Food and Livelihood Crisis At least 20 percent of households have significant food consumption gaps OR are marginally able to meet minimum food needs only with irreversible coping strategies such as liquidating livelihood assets. Levels of acute malnutrition are high and above normal.
4 Humanitarian Emergency At least 20 percent of households face extreme food consumption gaps, resulting in very high levels of acute malnutrition and excess mortality; OR HH households face an extreme loss of livelihood assets that will likely lead to food consumption gaps.
5 Famine/Humanitarian Catastrophe At least 20 percent of households face a complete lack of food and/or other basic needs and starvation, death, and destitution are evident; and acute malnutrition prevalence exceeds 30% ; and mortality rates exceed 2/10000/day

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "IPC Acute Food Insecurity Reference Table for Household Groups". FEWS NET. April 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
  2. ^ "IPC Participating Organizations and Donors". Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC). April 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Integrated Food Security Phase Classification. Technical Manual Version 1.1" (PDF). Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC). 2008. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
  4. ^ "Famine in Southern Somalia - Evidence for a declaration" (PDF). FEWS Net. 19 July 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 September 2011. Retrieved 21 July 2011.
  5. ^ "Integrated Phase Classification | Famine Early Warning Systems Network". Retrieved 29 September 2017.

External links[edit]