International Council of Onomastic Sciences

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The International Council of Onomastic Sciences (ICOS) is an international academic organization of scholars with a special interest in onomastics, the scientific study of names (e.g. place-names, personal names, and proper names of all other kinds). The official languages of ICOS are English, French, and German.

ICOS-logo-WP-menu.gif

Work of the scholars of ICOS[edit]

Members research:

  • the origin and history of names,
  • the personal name-systems used by different cultures,
  • the demographic patterns of names in different societies,
  • the use and significance of names of characters in literature,
  • brand-name creation,
  • many related topics in the naming of persons, places, institutions, works of art, and other miscellaneous objects.

They are also involved in practical projects such as the international standardization of geographical names.

One of the aims of ICOS, unlike many national societies for name-study, is the advancement, representation and co-ordination of name-research on an international level and in an interdisciplinary context.

To achieve this goal, it is committed to the publication of research and the development of research tools. Thus, its members come from diverse disciplines such as linguistics, philology, history, sociology, anthropology, psychology, geography and literary research.

This organization replaced the former International Committee of Onomastic Sciences, which was composed exclusively of representatives of member countries and did not welcome individual researchers as this new structure allows.

Onoma[edit]

ICOS publishes the annual journal Onoma, which is its official publication. Onoma is managed by a General Editor in conjunction with an Editorial Board. It contains topical research reports as well as basic theoretical articles concerning all areas of scholarly name research. ICOS also publishes an irregular newsletter. ISSN 0078-463X.

Working groups[edit]

ICOS has two active working groups, striving:

  1. to create an international bibliography of name-study
  2. to help create an internationally agreed technical terminology for name-study

Congresses[edit]

The International Congress of Onomastic Sciences, which is normally held every three years, is a major academic conference organised on behalf of ICOS by one of its members. The General Assembly of ICOS, which also functions as its business meeting, and at which its officers are elected, is usually held at these congresses. The ordinary business of ICOS is transacted by the elected board of directors.

Until the present, the following congresses have been run:

  1. Paris, 1938
  2. Paris, 1947
  3. Bruxelles [Brussels], 1949
  4. Uppsala, 1952
  5. Salamanca, 1955
  6. München [Munich], 1958
  7. Firenze [Florence], 1961
  8. Amsterdam, 1963
  9. London, 1966
  10. Wien [Vienna], 1969
  11. Sofia, 1972
  12. Bern, 1975
  13. Kraków, 1978
  14. Ann Arbor, 1981
  15. Leipzig, 1984
  16. Québec, 1987
  17. Helsinki, 1990
  18. Trier, 1993
  19. Aberdeen, 1996
  20. Santiago de Compostela, 1999
  21. Uppsala, 2002
  22. Pisa, 2005
  23. York University, Toronto, 2008
  24. Barcelona, 2011
  25. Glasgow, 2014
  26. Debrecen, 2017
  27. Kraków, 2021 (postponed from 2020 due to the Covid-19 pandemic)
  28. Helsinki, 2024

The proceedings of each congress are available at the ICOS website.

Presidents[edit]

  • Professor Hendrik Jozef van de Wijer (Leuven), 1950–1968
  • Professor Henri Draye[1] (Leuven), 1969-1983
  • Professor Karel Roelandts[2] (Leuven), 1984–1990
  • Professor Wilhelm F.H. Nicolaisen (New York / Aberdeen), 1990–1996
  • Professor Robert Rentenaar[3] (Amsterdam), 1996–1999
  • Professor Isolde Hausner (Vienna), 1999–2002
  • Dr. Mats Wahlberg (Uppsala), 2002–2005
  • Professor Maria Giovanna Arcamone (Pisa), 2005–2008
  • Professor Sheila Embleton (Toronto), 2008–2011
  • Professor Carole Hough (Glasgow), 2011–2014
  • Dr. Milan Harvalík[4] (Prague), 2014–2017
  • Dr. Paula Sjöblom (Turku), 2017–2021
  • Dr. Katalin Reszegi (Debrecen), 2021–2024

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nicolaisen, W. F. H. (March 1984). "In Memoriam: Henri Draye (1911–1983)". Names. 32 (1): 74–76. doi:10.1179/nam.1984.32.1.74. ISSN 0027-7738.
  2. ^ "IM Karel Roelandts". alum.kuleuven.be (in Dutch). Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  3. ^ Niehof, Femke. "Rob Rentenaar 23/9/1938 – 9/5/2016". meertens.knaw.nl. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  4. ^ "PhDr. Milan Harvalík, PhD – Ústav pro jazyk český". ujc.cas.cz. Retrieved 1 October 2018.

External links[edit]