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In the Chilote folklore and Chilote mythology of the Chiloé Island in southern Chile, the imbunche or invunche (Mapudungun ifünche: "deformed person", also "short person") is a legendary monster that protects the entrance to a warlock's cave.
The invunche is a deformed human with its head twisted backwards, along with having twisted arms, fingers, nose, mouth and ears. The creature walks on one foot or on three feet (actually one leg and two hands) because one of its legs is attached to the back of its neck. The invunche can't talk, and communicates only by guttural, rough and unpleasant sounds.
According to legend, the invunche is a first-born son less than nine days old that was kidnapped by, or sold by his parents to, a Brujo Chilote (a type of sorcerer or warlock of Chiloé). If the baby had been christened, the warlock debaptizes him.
The Brujo chilote transforms the child into a deformed hairy monster by breaking his right leg and twisting it over his back. When the boy is three months old his tongue is forked and the warlock applies a magic cream over the boy's back to cause thick hairs. During its first months the invunche is fed on black cat's milk and goat flesh, and then with human flesh from cemeteries.
Besides guarding the entrance to the warlock's cave, the invunche is used by warlocks as an instrument for revenge or curses. And, because it has acquired magical knowledge over its lifetime spent guarding the cave, even if the invunche is not initiated into wizardry, it sometimes acts as the warlock's advisor.
The invunche leaves the cave only in certain circumstances, such as when the cave is destroyed or discovered and the warlock moves to another cave, or when the warlocks have need of it and carry it thrashing and yelling, scaring the townspeople and announcing misfortune to come. The invunche also comes out when the warlocks take it to the Warlock's Council.
The invunche is fed solely by warlocks and is only allowed to search for its own edibles if food is lacking inside the cave.
In popular culture
Travel writer Bruce Chatwin gives an account of Chilote witchcraft and the invunche in his book In Patagonia.
British comic book writer Alan Moore wrote a version of the invunche very similar to Chatwin's description during his run on Swamp Thing, as an antagonist to John Constantine in the first story he appeared in.
In the 2014 urban fantasy novel, Luke Coles and the Flower of Chiloe, the invunche is mentioned seven times. Later in the series, invunches appear in great numbers as Righteous Province's (Recta Provincia's) common foot soldiers.
In the 2014 urban fantasy television series Constantine (based on the comics Swamp Thing and Hellblazer), the title character says that invunche are nasty creatures that tore out throats during the time of Noah, but were presumed destroyed in the Great Flood. A living invunche appears in "The Saint of Last Resorts".
In the 2000 novel Portrait in Sepia (Retrato en Sepia) by Isabel Allende, the character Aurora del Valle recalls being told about the Imbunche in her childhood.
- Lira, Marcelo (2013-11-11). "El Invunche ~ MITOLOGIA DE CHILOÉ - Seres Mitologicos. Marcelo Lira Segovia". Mitologiadechiloe.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2016-05-31.
- "El Invunche | Chiloé Mitológico". Chiloemitologico.cl. Retrieved 2016-05-31.
- "Josh Walker". Joshwalkerbooks.com. Retrieved 2016-05-31.