Irene Hazard Gerlinger
Irene Hazard Gerlinger (c. 1886–1960) was an American fundraiser and the first woman on the University of Oregon Board of Regents. She is the namesake for Gerlinger Hall on the University of Oregon campus.
Irene Hazard, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James Rider Hazard, was born circa 1886 in Orange County, New York on her family's farm. Her father had a large cattle ranch in Arizona, where Gerlinger spent some of her early childhood. She died in 1960 after being a resident of Oregon for 24 years. She described herself as "a simple housewife, the 'cruel' mother-in-law to three fine young sons-in-law, grandmother to four young descendants, and a volunteer public servant by way of an avocation."
Family life and education
Irene Hazard married George T. Gerlinger at the end of her senior year of college on October 21, 1903. In 1910 or 1911, she moved to Dallas, Oregon where her husband supervised the Willamette Valley Lumber Company. They had three daughters, Georgiana, Irene, and Jean. She did not like the Dallas schools, so she hired a live-in governess for her daughters. Not wanting them to be in seclusion, she later opened a private kindergarten in their home and invited other girls to attend.
Gerlinger was educated in public and private schools in California, and earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of California, and a Master of Arts degree from the University of Oregon. Describing finishing her degree she stated, "Then one summer I took my three little girls with a nurse for the baby, and went down to California to finish my work so that I'd receive my degree from the university there…We stayed in the Kappa house, and so in 1922 I was graduated, instead of in 1904 as I should have been."
Gerlinger founded the Dallas Public Library in 1905 in a room of the old Fireman's Hall, and in 1912, a building was constructed with local funds. The library was supported by Andrew Carnegie, who helped build 1,679 public libraries in the United States between 1883 and 1929.
In 1935 she founded Republican Women of Oregon Inc. with Ella Allen Scott. It became the Oregon chapter of Pro America, National Federation of Republican Women and Gerlinger was its first president.
University of Oregon
Gerlinger was the first female Regent of the University of Oregon from 1914–1929 and Vice-President of the board when it was abolished in 1929. She was active in the building and financing of Doernbecher Children's Hospital, being Chairman of the Medical School committee. She helped the University of Oregon secure the Women's Building (Gerlinger Hall), Prince Campbell Memorial Art Museum (Jordan Schnitzer Museum of Art), women's dormitories and other buildings on campus.
Gerlinger stated in 1957, "I was shocked to learn that University of Oregon graduates were ineligible to join the American Association of University Women because we didn't have a women's building on the campus." Gerlinger Hall was completed in 1921. In 1929 the building was officially named Gerlinger Hall after being called the Women's Memorial Hall, Women's Building and Women's Hall because of the immense impact Gerlinger had in taking this project off the ground and seeing it to fruition with the help of so many alumni, students and donors.
The building was a symbol of the voice of women on campus. Gerlinger was the voice of the women on campus during the creation of this building. She describes the great living room in the hall, "The cultivation of the pleasant amenities and graces of life is a very valuable part of any person's education."
- W.E.D. Burns, "A Sketch of (Mrs. George T.) Irene Gerlinger," date unknown, UA Ref 2, Box 4, Irene Gerlinger Folder, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.
- Binheim, Max, ed. (1928). Women of the West; a series of biographical sketches of living eminent women in the eleven western states of the United States of America. Los Angeles: Publishers Press. p. 159.
- Evelyn Sibley Lampman, "School Days and Culture," Oregon Historical Quarterly, vol. 78, no. 2 (June, 1977): 158-173, (accessed November 30, 2013): 159.
- Evelyn Sibley Lampman, “School Days and Culture,” Oregon Historical Quarterly, vol. 78, no. 2 (June, 1977): 158-173, (accessed November 30, 2013): 158.
- Kay Lundeen, "Irene Gerlinger Revisits University," Eugene Register-Guard, June 12, 1957, (accessed November 30, 2013).
- City of Dallas, Oregon, "About the Library"
- Jolene Guzman, "Library marks 100 years of service," Polk County Itemizer-Observer, November 27, 2012. (accessed on November 30, 2013).
- Oregon Federation of Republican Women
- Newspaper Clipping, May 25, 1929, Folder: Gerlinger Hall, Special Collections, Knight Library, University of Oregon, Eugene.
- UO Libraries, Gerlinger Hall, (accessed November 30, 2013)
- Irene H. Gerlinger, "The Building Thousands Gave," Old Oregon, March 1921, (accessed on Tues. Nov. 5).