Irish bank strikes (1966–76)
The Irish bank strikes between 1966 and 1976 were three strikes of about a year's total duration which closed down all the clearing banks in the Republic of Ireland. The strikes provided economists with a unique opportunity to study the functioning of a modern economy without access to bank deposits.
- May 7 – July 30, 1966
- May 1 – November 17, 1970
- June 28 – September 6, 1976
The longest strike was of six months in 1970. The Central Bank made limited facilities available to non-associated banks to issue cash. Not just financial transactions were affected, many property deals were also affected because the documents were kept in the banks. The effect on the Irish economy was surprisingly small, as Irish citizens traded cheques among themselves based on mutual trust, effectively substituting them for cash. The country came through reasonably well in business terms despite the bank strike. A large firm (Palgrave Murphy) failed when the strike ended and settlements were made but its failure was probably inevitable anyway. The strike had little effect on the main economic concerns which were unemployment and industrial unrest caused by inflation.
- Antoine E. Murphy (March 1978). "Money in an economy without banks: The case of Ireland". The Manchester School. 46 (1): 41–50. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9957.1978.tb00151.x.
- "How six-month bank strike rocked the nation". Irish Independent. December 29, 1999. Archived from the original on August 2, 2012.
- Brendan Keenan (August 5, 2010). "It's 1970: Industrial unrest and a jobless rate of 7pc are key concerns". Irish Independent.