Isognomon alatus

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Isognomon alatus
Isognomon alatus.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order: Pterioida
Family: Isognomonidae
Genus: Isognomon
Species: I. alatus
Binomial name
Isognomon alatus
(Gmelin, 1791) [1]
Synonyms
  • Ostrea alatus Gmelin, 1791
  • Ostrea rostralis Lamarck, 1819
  • Perna ephippium Reeve, 1858
  • Perna obliqua Lamarck, 1819

Isognomon alatus, the flat tree oyster, is a species of bivalve mollusc in the family Isognomonidae. It can be found along the Atlantic coast of North America, ranging from southern Florida to Brazil and Bermuda.

Description[edit]

The flat tree oyster has two thin, irregularly shaped valves joined by a long straight hinge. The exterior is sculptured by a large number of rough, concentric rings with loose flakes and varies in colour from a pale brownish olive to a purplish black. The nacre on the inside is lustrous and cream coloured shaded with purplish brown. The shell is attached to the substrate by a byssus thread and grows to about 75 to 95 millimetres (3.0 to 3.7 in) in length.[2]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The flat tree oyster is found in southern Florida, the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Jamaica, Lesser Antilles, Puerto Rico, Venezuela, San Andrés and Brazil.[1][3] It is one of three closely related species that are found, sometimes in dense patches, on the roots of mangroves, especially the red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle) and on shallow rocky areas, down to depths of 15 metres (49 ft) or more. On coral reefs it occurs on rock ledges and exposed rocks in areas of high sedimentation, forming mats of hundreds of individual animals. It also grows on the shells of the Atlantic thorny oyster (Spondylus americanus).[4]

Biology[edit]

The flat tree oyster is a filter feeder, drawing water into its shell and passing it through its gills, extracting plankton and small organic particles in the process.[2]

Breeding takes place after heavy rain has lowered the salinity of the water. Most of the adult oysters in the area take part in a mass spawning event when they all liberate their gametes at the same time. Fertilisation takes place in the water column and the larvae are planktonic. When they have passed through several developmental stages they settle to the seabed, undergo metamorphosis and attach themselves with byssus threads as miniature adults.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Huber, Markus (2010). "Isognomon alatus (Gmelin, 1791)". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2012-10-03. 
  2. ^ a b c Melany P. Puglisi; Maribel Thiebaud (2008). "Isognomon alatus Gmelin, 1791". Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce. Retrieved 2012-10-03. 
  3. ^ Abbott, R.T. & Morris, P.A. A Field Guide to Shells: Atlantic and Gulf Coasts and the West Indies. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1995. 22.
  4. ^ Colin, Patrick L. (1978). Marine Invertebrates and Plants of the Living Reef. T.F.H. Publications. p. 390. ISBN 0-86622-875-6.