J. Gordon Coogler

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Portrait and signature of J. Gordon Coogler, from the frontispiece of his Purely Original Verse.

J. Gordon Coogler (December 3, 1865 – September 9, 1901), or John Brown Gordon Coogler, was a self-taught American poet who achieved notoriety during his lifetime as a prolific producer of bad verse. Essayist H.L. Mencken is credited with assuring Coogler's lasting fame as a poetaster by mocking him as an example of the supposedly poor state of arts and letters in the American South. Other, more sympathetic readers have found some of Coogler's simple rhymes endearing.[citation needed]


Coogler was born in the midlands of South Carolina and seldom left the state. After his father's death on January 8, 1878, Coogler was only 12 years old. After finishing his schooling, he went to work as an apprentice printer with Rev. Sidi Browne at the Christian Neighbor to support his mother and two sisters. The family lived in Columbia after 1880 at 1818 Marion Street. He opened a job printing shop advertising "Poems Written While You Wait," first at 1226 Lady Street and later at 1402 Main Street. Although his verses attracted both praise and ridicule, he sought to promote his business by distributing self-published booklets of original poems. According to his obituary in the Columbia State newspaper, Coogler published five thousand short collections of original verse during his lifetime, besides two versions of his book-length collection titled Purely Original Verse.[1]

Coogler's verse attracted mocking attention from prominent American magazines, including Puck and Munsey's Magazine. Coogler once complained in verse about what he considered the unfairness of literary critics:

Oh you critics! — If an author errs in a single line,
That line you'll surely quote,
And will give it as a sample fair
Of all he ever wrote.


Nearly two decades after Coogler's death, H.L. Mencken selected the following brief poem as the motto of his 1920 essay "The Sahara of the Bozart:

Alas! for the South, her books have grown fewer—
She never was much given to literature.

Mencken went on to mock Southern literature by crowning Coogler as "the last bard of Dixie."[1]

From the 1890s into the 20th century, newspapers had quoted that unintentionally humorous couplet, often from memory and in garbled form. Little else about Coogler was remembered besides the one couplet and his identity as a southerner.[2]

Purely Original Verse was reprinted in 1974 by Vogue Press of Columbia, South Carolina.

The town of Blythewood, South Carolina held a "Coogler Festival" in the poet's honor in November 1983.[3][4]

In 1985, Irene LaBorde Neuffer published Coogler Revisited, a book devoted to the poet.

In the late 20th century conservative political commentator Emmett Tyrrell invented the annual J. Gordon Coogler Award as a booby prize for the "worst book of the year." The announcement of the prize has appeared annually in conservative organs including Human Events and The American Spectator.[5] According to literary critic Bryan Giemza, other "mock-serious Coogler societies" exist and grant awards for bad writing.[1]

The personal papers of J. Gordon Coogler are housed at the University of South Carolina.


  • Purely Original Verse, 5 editions (1891-1897).
  • Purely Original Verse: Complete Works, and a Number of New Productions, in One Volume, 2 editions (1897 [1], 1901).


  1. ^ a b c Bryan Giemza, "J. Gordon Coogler," in Southern Writers: A New Biographical Dictionary, edited by Joseph M. Flora, Amber Vogel, and Bryan Albin Giemza (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2006): p. 79.
  2. ^ Edmund Pearson, "The Tribe of Gifted Hopkins," in Queer Books (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Doran & Co., 1928): 77.
  3. ^ Moore, John Hammond (1993). Columbia and Richland County: A South Carolina Community, 1740-1990. University of South Carolina Press. p. 446. 
  4. ^ "The weekend in Carolina". The Sumter Daily Item. 89 (5). October 20, 1983. p. 6A. 
  5. ^ See e.g. R. Emmett Tyrell, Jr., "Coogler: Worst in the Business," American Spectator 35 (1) (Jan./Feb 2002): p. 22.

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