JST connectors are electrical connectors manufactured to the design standards originally developed by J.S.T. Mfg. Co. (Japan Solderless Terminal). JST manufactures numerous series (families) and pitches (pin-to-pin distance) of connectors.
JST connectors are used in many types of products, and commonly used by electronics hobbyists and consumer products for rechargeable battery packs, battery balancers, battery eliminator circuits, 3D printers, and radio controlled servos.
The term "JST" is incorrectly used as a vernacular term meaning any small white electrical connector mounted on PCBs.
JST manufactures a large number of series (families) of connectors. The PCB (wire-to-board) connectors are available in top (vertical) or side (horizontal) entry, and through-hole or surface-mount.
|VH ||Yes/No||Yes||Unshrouded seems to be more popular than shrouded.||JST VH|
|RE ||No||No||Similar to female "DuPont" connectors and male pin headers. RF series is double row.||JST RE|
|EH ||Yes||No||Not 0.1-inch pitch.||JST EH|
|XA ||Yes||Yes||Not 0.1-inch pitch.||JST XA|
|XH ||Yes||No||Not 0.1-inch pitch. Used by many radio control (R/C) batteries.||JST XH|
|PA ||Yes||Yes||Used by FMA Cellpro R/C battery chargers.||JST PA|
|PH ||Yes||No||Compatible with KR (IDC), KRD (IDC), CR (IDC) series.||JST PH|
|ZH ||Yes||No||Compatible with ZR (IDC) and ZM (crimp) series.||JST ZH|
|GH ||Yes||Yes||Not 0.05-inch pitch. Sometimes confused with Molex PicoBlade.||JST GH|
|SH ||Yes||No||Compatible with SR (IDC) and SZ (IDC) series.||JST SH|
|RCY ||Locking||Used in radio control (R/C), also known as BEC or P connector. Commonly found on small models, toys, and small LiPo packs.||JST RCY|
|SM ||Locking, High force||Used in some RGB LED decorative light strips.||JST SM|
A majority of JST through-hole headers can't withstand the temperatures required for reflow soldering, because the plastic has a lower melting point since they were designed for wave soldering methods. Some JST surface-mount headers are designed to handle higher temperatures of reflow soldering.
Connector confusion on the internet
End-users and 3rd-party sellers on eBay often describe connectors by their wrong name thus perpetuating confusion of the exact series of a specific connector. Unfortunately, it is very common in blogs and websites to incorrectly name a specific connector only by the name of the manufacturer.
To minimize confusion, it is best to describe a connector using: the manufacturer's name, exact connector series, and optionally the pitch, such as "JST-XH" or "JST-XH-2.50mm" or "2.50mm JST XH-series" or other variations.
The official J.S.T. Co. website has a tool which allows users to check certain models for their authenticity and specifications.
Note: Some 2.50 mm parts are incorrectly sold on the internet as 2.54 mm (0.100 in), and the 1.25 mm parts as 1.27 mm (0.050 in).
- "JST Corporate Profile and History". JST. Archived from the original on 27 November 2016. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- List of JST connector series; JST.
- Search by connector application; JST.
- "JST" connector confusion - the real story; rcgroups blog.
- JST VH-series webpage.
- JST RE-series webpage.
- JST RF-series webpage.
- JST EH-series webpage.
- JST XA-series webpage.
- JST XH-series webpage.
- JST PA-series webpage.
- JST PH-series webpage.
- JST KR-series webpage.
- JST KRD-series webpage.
- JST CR-series webpage.
- JST ZH-series webpage.
- JST ZR-series webpage.
- JST ZM-series webpage.
- JST GH-series webpage.
- JST Is Not A Connector
- JST SH-series webpage.
- JST SR/SZ-series webpage.
- JST RCY-series webpage.
- JST SM-series webpage.
- JST through-hole soldering; Official JST blog.
- "Choosing the Right JST Connector". DronesEtc. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to JST connector.|
- Official website, top-level websites for 16 countries, such as America and UK.