Jack Little (politician)
|Senator for Victoria|
1 July 1968 – 18 May 1974
|Born||John Albert Little
13 October 1914
Maryborough, Victoria, Australia
|Died||25 November 1988
Preston, Victoria, Australia
|Political party||Democratic Labor Party|
|Spouse(s)||Ila Elizabeth Clark|
|Children||John Anthony Little (born 1943); Peter Russell Little (born 1945)|
John Albert "Jack" Little (13 October 1914 – 25 November 1988) was an Australian politician. Born in Maryborough, Victoria, he was educated at East Brunswick and Thornbury state primary Schools, before becoming a clicker in a shoe factory in Collingwood, and later an official with the Victorian Boot Employees' Union, of which he was Federal President in 1944 and 1945. In 1952 was awarded a Commonwealth Bank Scholarship for six months, to study unionism and working conditions in the UK, Europe and the US. In 1954 he was elected to the Victorian Legislative Council for Melbourne North, representing the Australian Labor Party.
He left the Labor Party in 1955 and would be one of only two non-Catholic parliamentary members of the Australian Labor Party (Anti-Communist), the other being Robert Joshua, who became the leader of the party in the Australian House of Representatives. Little led the ALP (Anti-Communist) in the Legislative Council from 1955 until 1958, the last two of those years as leader of the Democratic Labor Party, which was the new name for the ALP (Anti-Communist). Little re-contested his Province at the expiry of his term in 1958, but like all other DLP candidates at that election he was defeated. On losing his seat in 1958 he purchased a newsagency in Reservoir, Victoria, which he ran until his election to the Australian Senate in 1968.
Little successfully contested DLP preselection for the Senate in 1958, in which he defeated the original leader of the ALP (Anti-Communist) Les Coleman. It has been argued that Little was preferred as a DLP candidate because he was not a Catholic. The DLP was popularly regarded as a Catholic party, and a non-Catholic candidate had certain electoral attractions. [clarification needed]
Little contested Senate elections several times for the DLP. He was narrowly defeated by ALP candidate Charles Sandford in 1958, but he was successful in the 1967 Senate only election. Little had the same name as a well-known and popular Australian-American television wrestling commentator, and it has been suggested that promotion of Little's full name by the DLP, particularly in television advertising, was a factor that added to his vote. Little was defeated at the 1974 federal election, along with the other three DLP Senators (the fifth, Vince Gair, did not re-contest), when the party's vote collapsed. Jack Little died in 1988.
- Joan Rydon, John Albert Little profile, Biographical Dictionary of the Australian Senate, Volume 3, 1962-1983, Sydney, NSW, University of New South Wales Press, p. 82.
- Ainsley Symons (2012), "Democratic Labor Party members in the Victorian Parliament of 1955-1958", Recorder (Australian Society for the Study of Labour History, Melbourne Branch, No. 275, November, pp. 4-5.
- Lyle Allan. (1985), "The Democratic Labor Party: Was It An Ethnic Party?", Recorder (Australian Society for the Study of Labour History, Melbourne Branch, No. 133, April, pp. 6-10.
- Daniel Kutny (1986), 'Irish ethnic politics and the Democratic Labor Party. A critique of Keith Crisp and Lyle Allan', in Recorder (Australian Society for the Study of Labour History, Melbourne Branch) No. 143, pp. 3-5.
- Ainsley Symons (2013), "Jack Little: leader of the DLP," in Recorder (Australian Society for the Study of Labour History, Melbourne Branch), No. 278, December, p.3
- Carr, Adam (2008). "Australian Election Archive". Psephos, Adam Carr's Election Archive. Archived from the original on 20 July 2007. Retrieved 12 November 2008.