Jacob Hagiz

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Jacob Hagiz (1620–1674) (Hebrew: יעקב חגיז) was a Jewish Talmudist born of a Sephardi Jewish family at Fez. Ḥagiz's teacher was David Karigal (Ḳorban Minḥah, No. 105), who afterward became his father-in-law. About 1646, Ḥagiz went to Italy for the purpose of publishing his books, and remained there until after 1656, supporting himself by teaching. Samuel di Pam, rabbi at Livorno, calls himself a pupil of Ḥagiz. About 1657, Ḥagiz left Livorno for Jerusalem, where the Vega brothers of Leghorn had founded a bet ha-midrash for him (Grätz, Gesch. x. 212), and where he became a member of the rabbinical college (Moses ibn Ḥabib, Geṭ Pashuṭ, p. 129). There a large number of eager young students gathered about him, among whom were Moses ibn Ḥabib, who became his son-in-law, and Joseph Almosnino, later rabbi of Belgrade (Moses Ḥagiz, Mishnat Ḥakhamim, No. 624). Another son-in-law of his was Moses Ḥayyun (Azulai, Shem ha-Gedolim), father of Nehemiah Hayyun.

Jacob Ḥagiz was active in the opposition to Shabbethai Ẓebi and put him under the ban (Grätz, l.c. x. 475, note 3). About 1673, Ḥagiz went to Constantinople to publish his Leḥem ha-Panim, but he died there before this was accomplished. This book, as well as many others of his, was lost (Moses Ḥagiz, in the introduction to Halakot Ḳeṭannot). He also wrote:

  • Teḥillat Ḥokhmah, on Talmudic methodology, published together with Samson of Chinon's Sefer Keritot (Verona, 1647): Amsterdam 1709 edition here, Warsaw 1884 edition (without Sefer Keritot) here
  • Oraḥ Mishor, on the conduct of rabbis (an appendix to the preceding work; 2d ed., with additions by Moses Ḥagiz, Amsterdam, 1709)
  • Petil Tekhelet, on the Azharot of Solomon Gabirol (Venice, 1652; 2d ed., London, 1714)
  • Eẓ ha-Ḥayyim, on the Mishnah (Leghorn, 1654–55; 2d ed., Berlin, 1716)
  • Ḥagiz also translated the Menorat ha-Ma'or of Isaac Aboab into Spanish (1656)

Jewish Encyclopedia bibliography[edit]

  • Grätz, Gesch. x.212 et seq., and note 3


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSinger, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Hagiz, Jacob". The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls.