Jacques-Nompar de Caumont, duc de La Force

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Jacques-Nompar de Caumont
Duc de La Force
Marquis de La Force
JacquesNompar de Caumont la Force.jpg
Equestrian portrait of Jacques Nompar de Caumont La Force, Marshal of France
Spouse(s) Charlotte de Gontaut
Issue
Armand-Nompar de Caumont, duc de La Force
Henri-Nompar de Caumont, duc de La Force
Jacques, seigneur de Maduran
Charles, seigneur de Maduran
Pierre, baron d'Aymet
Jean, seigneur de Montpouillan
Jean-Jacob, marquis de Tonneins
François de Caumont La Force
Jacqueline
Isabelle
Noble family Caumont
Father Francois de Caumont
Mother Philippe de Beaupoil
Born 30 October 1558
Died 10 May 1652(1652-05-10) (aged 93)
Buried Milandes
Coat of arms, duc de La Force

Jacques-Nompar de Caumont, duc de La Force (French pronunciation: ​[ʒak nɔ̃paːʁ də komɔ̃ dyk də la fɔʁs]) (30 December 1558[1] – 10 May 1652) was a marshal of France and peer of France.[2] He was the son of a Huguenot, Francois de Caumont, lord of Castelnau, and Philippe de Beaupoil.[3] He survived the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre in 1572,[4] but his father and older brother Armand were killed.[5][6][7][8]

Marriages and issue[edit]

Career[edit]

As marquis de La Force, he served Henri IV, whose confidence he enjoyed. He was governor of Béarn from 1593 to 1621 and then viceroy of Navarre.[4] After the assassination of Henry IV in 1610, he fought with the Huguenots against Louis XIII. He plotted with Henri de Rohan and participated in the successful defence of Montauban in 1621, after an 86-day siege by the king, although he was reconciled with Louis XIII the following year.[4] La Force was made a marshal of France on 27 May 1622, to be employed as the Lieutenant-General of the Army of Piedmont.[11] He campaigned in Piedmont in 1630, taking Pinerolo as well as Saluzzo and defeated the Spaniards at Carignano.[5]

In 1631, he served in the Languedoc and between 1631 and 1634 he invaded Lorraine,[5] and took La Mothe after a siege of 141 days in which Turenne first distinguished himself and La Force's grandson Jacques was killed.[12][13] In Germany, in 1634, he also raised the siege of Philippsburg in Baden and captured the general Colloredo.[14] In the following year, he relieved Heidelberg and took Speyer.[12][15][16]

He was created Duc de La Force and a peer on 3 August 1637.[2]

In 1638 he besieged Saint-Omer in Flanders, but was defeated by Louis Thomas of Savoy-Carignan. It was his last battle.[17][18]

La Force died in Bergerac on 10 May 1652 and was buried in Milandes. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Armand-Nompar.[10] His memoirs were published in 1843.[19][20][21][22][11]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Caumont I 1843, p. 5.
  2. ^ a b Sainte-Marie 1728, p. 472.
  3. ^ Sainte-Marie 1728, p. 471.
  4. ^ a b c Trevor-Roper 2006, p. 203.
  5. ^ a b c "Jacques-Nompar De CAUMONT, duc De La Force". Grand Dictionnaire Universel du XIXe sciècle. Laforce.be. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  6. ^ Caumont I 1843, p. 3.
  7. ^ Souleyreau I 2013, p. 107.
  8. ^ Voltaire 1843, pp. 250-253.
  9. ^ a b c "Jacques Nompar de Caumont". Généalogie Wailly. Gw.geneanet.org. Retrieved 24 December 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c "Jacques Nompar de Caumont, Duke of La Force". Les Seigneurs de Caumont. Mariefb.pagesperso-orange.fr. Retrieved 24 December 2013. 
  11. ^ a b Thomas II 2013, p. 939.
  12. ^ a b Guthrie 2003, p. 200.
  13. ^ Sainte-Marie 1728, p. 473.
  14. ^ Caumont III 1843, p. 440.
  15. ^ Caumont III 1843, p. 105.
  16. ^ Delaforce 2006, p. 92.
  17. ^ Caumont III 1843, pp. 206-208.
  18. ^ Parrot 2004, p. 128.
  19. ^ Caumont I 1843.
  20. ^ Caumont II 1843.
  21. ^ Caumont III 1843.
  22. ^ Caumont IV 1843.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]