Jakhar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Jhakar or jakhar , also known as Jhkhu, is a gotra or clan or cast of Jatts found in the Indian states of Haryana and in Rajasthan. All Jakhars are Hindu Jat and are native of Haryana, Rajasthan and Western UP. Wherever Jakhars stays, they will be native of Rajasthan and Haryana.

Etymology[edit]

The expression "Jakhar" or "Jakhu" is a shortened version of Jakhbhadra, the claimed ancestor of the tribe.[1]

Origin[edit]

They belong to the Satwat lineage of Kshatriyas. W. Crook, in his book Castes of Northwest provinces and Avadh, told the story of the king of Dwaraka: he had a huge bow and arrow and he proposed that whoever broke it would be given a status above the king. The king of the Jakhar clan, Jakhbhadra, tried but failed. The failure made him leave his state and settle in Bikaner, in the area that was then known as Jangladesh. Pandit Amichand Sharma mentions this in his book Jat Varna Mimansa. The Jakhar king made his capital at Reni (modern-day Taranagar).[2]

The Jat historian, Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria)[3] writes that Jakhar is derived from Yaksha. This tribe Jakhar claim Jakha or Jakhu, known as Yaksha or Yakshu in Sanskrit, to be their ancient eponymous progenitor.[4][5] Hukum Singh Panwar writes that Yakshas were one of the tribes who fought the last battle of Dasrajna War (the Battle of Ten Kings) under the leadership of Dasa Raja against the Bhāratas tribes on the banks of Yamuna. The other tribes were Ajas, Sigrus, Alinas, Pakthas, Bhalana, Sivas, and Visanin.[3][6] M.L. Bhargava wrote that after their defeat on the Yamuna River they migrated to the Amu Darya Valley and named the valley Jaksha or Jaaksha. He opines that Budakhsis and their city Badakshan are known after the combined name of Bheda, the leader of the Yakshas. Bheda is also a Jat clan.[3][7]


At a later date, the Jakhars established a kingdom, the ruins of which can be found at Madhauli, in the princely state of Jaipur, probably near the border with Marwar.[2] Fatehpur, Shekhawati was ruled by Muslims during the Middle Ages. A war was fought between the Muslims and the Jakhar Jats near Madhauli.[2] A war between Jakhars and Brahmins was reported in which jakhars won and many Brahmins were killed. Some sava man (50 kg) janeu (sacred thread worn by Brahmins) was collected from dead bodies. History says that jat people didn't believe in Brahmin teachings, which they used to gain profit and perks from innocent people.[3][7]

Notable Jakhars[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joon, Ram Sarup (1968). History of the Jats. The University of Michigan. p. 98. Retrieved 16 July 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c Thakur Deshraj, Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934, 2nd edition 1992 page 594-95.
  3. ^ a b c d Pawar, Hukam Singh (1993). The Jats, their origin, antiquity, and migrations. Manthan Publications. p. 150-151. ISBN 81-85235-22-8. 
  4. ^ Yoginder Pal Shastri, op. cit., p. 468
  5. ^ Amichand Sharma, Jat Varna mimansa, v.s. 1967
  6. ^ Buddha Prakash, op. cit., p. 77
  7. ^ a b Bhargava, Manohar (1964). The Geography Rigvedic India: A Physical Geography of Sapta Saindhava. Lucknow: Upper India Publishing House. p. 129.