James B. Rhoads
|James B. Rhoads|
James B. Rhoads, Fifth Archivist of the United States
September 17, 1928|
Sioux City, Iowa
|Died||April 7, 2015
|Spouse(s)||Sadie Angela Handy|
James Berton Rhoads (September 17, 1928 – April 7, 2015) served as Fifth Archivist of the United States. He was born in Sioux City, Iowa. Rhoads received his B.A., in 1950, and M.A., in 1952, from the University of California at Berkeley. He later earned his Ph.D. from American University in Washington, DC.
Rhoads joined the National Archives in 1952 and held a number of positions before he was eventually promoted to Deputy Archivist in 1966, under Robert H. Bahmer. He became Acting Archivist on March 10, 1968; and the General Services Administrator appointed him to be the fifth Archivist of the United States on May 2, 1968. Under Rhoads, Prologue — the National Archives' quarterly publication — was founded, and the regional archives system was expanded. It was also during his tenure that Americans' rapidly developing interest in genealogical records brought a large influx of family history researchers to the National Archives for the first time.
Rhoads encouraged the engagement of his fellow archivists in the International Council on Archives. In 1972, he headed the United States delegation to the ICA-sponsored International Congress of Archivists held in Moscow. At that congress he was elected as one of two vice presidents, in which capacity he was responsible for the organization of the next congress, which was held in Washington, DC, in 1976, concurrently with the annual meeting of the Society of American Archivists. Rhoads went on to serve as president of the ICA from 1976 to 1979.
Rhoads was elected as a Distinguished Fellow of the Society of American Archivists in 1966; he served as the society's president from 1974 to 1975, and as a council member from 1970 to 1973. He also served as president of the Academy of Certified Archivists, from 1992 to 1994.
Rhoads was married for 59 years to Sadie Angela (Handy) Rhoads. Angela, as she was known, died the 8th of January 2007 from Lewy Bodies Dementia. They had three children – Cynthia, James, and Marcia. Rhoads died on April 7, 2015 in Leavenworth, Kansas.
- "Rhoads, James." The International Who's Who, 1989-90 (1989). p. 1304.
- Nieuwsma, Alex (April 13, 2015). "Remembering James Berton 'Bert' Rhoads, Fifth Archivist of the United States (1968-1979)" [blog post]. Prologue. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 2015-04-18.
- "James B. Rhoads, Fifth Archivist of the United States (Archivist: 1968-1979)." National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 2015-04-18.
- Warner, Robert M. (1992). "International Archival Adventures: A Reminiscence." American Archivist, 55(2), p. 356-368; here: p. 357.
- Warner (1992), p. 358-359.
- "In memoriam: James Berton (Bert) Rhoads, Sr.." International Council on Archives. Retrieved 2015-04-18.
- "Presidents". Society of American Archivists. Retrieved 2014-08-14.
- "Council Members." Society of American Archivists. Retrieved 2015-04-18.
- "Past Presidents of the Academy of Certified Archivists." Academy of Certified Archivists. Retrieved 2015-04-18.
- "James Berton Rhoads (1928-2015): Obituary" (April 8, 2015). The Bellingham Herald. Retrieved 2015-04-18.
Robert H. Bahmer
|Archivist of the United States
James E. O'Neill