James Blanding Sloan

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James Blanding Sloan
Born(1886-09-19)September 19, 1886
Corsicana, Texas
DiedOctober 5, 1975(1975-10-05) (aged 89)
Canyon, Contra Costa County, California
NationalityAmerican
EducationChicago Academy of Fine Arts
Spouse(s)Lillian Weiss, Mildred Taylor

James Blanding Sloan (September 19, 1886 – October 5, 1975), also known as Blanding Sloan, was an American etcher, printmaker, theatrical designer, educator, painter, and puppeteer.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Biography[edit]

J. Blanding Sloan was the first son born to Alexander C. Sloan, a physician and Alabama native, and to Henrietta O. Blanding, a Virginian.[7] At the age of 12 he created the sets and acted in his first play; seven years later, while a student at Austin College, he slipped hopping a freight train and lost a leg.[8] By 1910 he was studying at the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts (today's School of the Art Institute of Chicago), where he was later made a teacher of color composition. He worked with the renowned color printmakers George Senseney and Bror Julius Olsson Nordfeldt and exhibited for the first time in 1914 with the Chicago Society of Etchers.[9][10] In 1912 he began his secondary career in theatre scenery, lighting and costume design for The Players Workshop of Chicago, where he created sets for Maxwell Bodenheim and Ben Hecht.[11] Just after America entered World War I he was arrested for posting signs which urged young men not to register for the military draft, but to claim exemptions as conscientious objectors.[12] A year later he moved to New York City, where he worked in over a dozen Broadway productions, including the Ziegfeld Follies, as well as The Greenwich Village Follies; he also exhibited his prints and set designs to great acclaim.[13][14]

In 1923 Sloan and his second wife, Mildred Taylor, left New York intending to start a grand tour of Asia by driving across the United States. Due to his temporary illness the couple decided to settle permanently in the San Francisco Bay Area, where during the next two decades over forty major exhibitions of his work were enthusiastically received.[7] The public demand for his etchings and block prints was so great that a catalogue raisonné was published in 1926.[15] His subject matter was sometimes decorative, but he also focused on controversial social and religious issues; on one occasion a sexually explicit scene of Sloan making love to his wife was restricted to his "private portfolio." By far his most extraordinary undertaking was the creation of a puppet theatre, where initially he intended to produce "original plays" for children, such as Rastus Plays Pirate, but by 1928 he transformed the idea into the Marionette Theatre Association for adults.[7] At first he and Ralph Chesse produced classic works by Shakespeare and Eugene O'Neill, but in April 1929 Sloan decided to push the boundaries of censorship and staged Heavenly Discourse by Charles Erskine Scott Wood with anatomically correct nude puppets. In one scene God fondled a naked Eve who sits on his lap. The "anarchist Sloan" was arrested and the production closed several times, but eventually continued to sold-out audiences. His next production, the West Coast premiere of Sky Girl, portrayed an abstract world run by robots 50 thousand years in the future. He also used his theater to run foreign films that had been banned elsewhere.[16][17]

Beginning in 1924 the Sloans established a second residence south of the Bay Area in Carmel-by-the-Sea, California, at that time the largest art colony on the Pacific Coast. Here Blanding was hired by the University of California Extension Division to teach summer classes in etching, theatre design, and painting.[7] He also contributed his prints to exhibitions at the Carmel Arts and Crafts Club and staged puppet performances for the local children. In 1929 his linoleum-cut prints were reproduced in the local literary journal, The Carmelite. That same year he and his wife established Carmel's first international film festival and screened The Light of Asia, the story of Buddha's life with an all-Indian cast, and Hollywood Extra – 9413, a "very modern" psychological drama produced by the abstract Yugoslav painter Slavco Vorkapic.[18]

By 1931 the Sloans had moved to Los Angeles where there were opportunities to exhibit his prints and work on theatre and puppet productions as well as in Hollywood.[7] In 1938 Blanding was appointed a Regional Theatre Director for the Federal Theatre Project of the WPA, but resigned eighteen months later to become Supervisor of the National Youth Administration for the American Southwest.[19][20] During World War II he and his protégée, Wah Chang, created the East-West Film Company and produced a variety of films, including an interview and performance by the legendary singer Leadbelly as well as The Way of Peace, a controversial film funded by the Lutheran Church depicting the destruction of the world by nuclear weapons.[21] The latter may have caused his dismissal from the Disney Studios. By 1948 he was living in Altadena, California, and in the mid-1960s moved to Berkeley, California, and then to the nearby town of Canyon, where he died at the age of 89.[22]

Professions[edit]

  • Stage set designer The Greenwich Village Follies 1922-1923, New York.
  • Marionette Theater Artist studio San Francisco 1928-1929

Exhibitions[edit]

  • Etchings and Wood Block Prints by Blanding Sloan, organized by the Isaac Delgado Museum of Art, December 31, 1926 – January 14, 1927, at New Orleans Museum of Art[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sloan, James Blanding". National Gallery of Art. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  2. ^ "James Blanding Sloan (American, 1886–1975)". Artnet. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  3. ^ "James Blanding Sloan Biography". Annex Galleries Fine Prints. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  4. ^ "Sloan, Blanding, 1886-1975 From Library of Congress Name Authority File". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
  5. ^ Vollmer, H. Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart (Sloan, (James) Blanding; "Amr. painter, sculptor, etcher, and lithographer; b. 9-19-1886 in Corsicana, Tex.; resides in West Hollywood, Calif.") (cited by Library of Congress Name Authority File)
  6. ^ "James Blanding Sloan (1886 - 1971)". Pinterest. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  7. ^ a b c d e Edwards, Robert W. (2012). Jennie V. Cannon: The Untold History of the Carmel and Berkeley Art Colonies, Vol. 1. Oakland, Calif.: East Bay Heritage Project. pp. 628–635, 691. ISBN 9781467545679. An online facsimile of the entire text of Vol. 1 is posted on the Traditional Fine Arts Organization website ("Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-04-29. Retrieved 2016-06-07.).
  8. ^ International Studio (New York, monthly), 77, 1923, pp. 385-387.
  9. ^ American Art Annual, 14, 1917, p. 608.
  10. ^ The Chicago Tribune, 26 May 1918, p. 15.
  11. ^ Theatre Arts Magazine, 2, 1917-18, p. 15.
  12. ^ The Chicago Tribune: 6 June 1917, p.1; 10 August 1917, p.8.
  13. ^ New York Times, 6 April 1919, p. 48.
  14. ^ The Wasp (San Francisco, weekly), 21 February 1925, p.23.
  15. ^ Jones, Idwal, ed. (1926). Etchings & Block Prints of Blanding Sloan: 1913-1926. San Francisco, CA: Johnck, Kibbee & Co. pp. 1–51. OCLC 4813330.
  16. ^ The Carmelite: 27 February 1929, p. 10; 10 July 1929, p.4; 26 July 1929, p.4; 7 August 1929, p.11.
  17. ^ Carmel; Pine Cone: 12 April 1929, p. 9; 17 May 1929, p.7.
  18. ^ Carmel Pine Cone: 28 June 1929, p.14; 5 July 1929, p.13.
  19. ^ New York Times, 12 August 1938, p. 11.
  20. ^ San Antonio Express, 6 December 1939, p. 11.
  21. ^ Corsicana Semi-Weekly Light, 10 February 1948, p. 5.
  22. ^ "Blanding Sloan - Artist, Fine Art, Auction Records, Prices, Biography for Blanding Sloan". Askart.com. Retrieved 2014-07-10.
  23. ^ "Past Exhibitions". NOMA 100: 1911 – 2011. New Orleans Museum of Art. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 10, 2014.