James Hubert Price

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James Hubert Price
JamesHPrice.jpg
53rd Governor of Virginia
In office
January 19, 1938 – January 21, 1942
Lieutenant Saxon W. Holt
Preceded by George C. Peery
Succeeded by Colgate Darden
23rd Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
In office
January 15, 1930 – January 19, 1938
Governor John G. Pollard
George C. Peery
Preceded by Junius E. West
Succeeded by Saxon W. Holt
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates for Richmond City
In office
January 12, 1916 – January 15, 1930
Preceded by Edwin P. Cox
Succeeded by Unknown
Personal details
Born James Hubert Price
(1878-09-07)September 7, 1878
Greenbrier, West Virginia, U.S.
Died November 22, 1943(1943-11-22) (aged 65)
Richmond, Virginia, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Lillian Martin
Alma mater Washington and Lee University

James Hubert Price (September 7, 1878 – November 22, 1943) was an American Democratic politician who was elected 53rd Governor of Virginia in 1937, during the Great Depression and became known as the Commonwealth's "New Deal Governor." Over the opposition of the Byrd Organization, Price, a Virginia attorney and businessman, passed many social programs and implemented other federal programs to benefit Virginians. Price had previously represented Richmond as one of its delegates in the Virginia House of Delegates for over a decade (1916–1930), as well as served as Lieutenant Governor for two terms beginning in 1930.[1]

Early and family life[edit]

Price was born near Organ Cave in Greenbrier County, West Virginia to Charles William Price and the former Nancy C. Boone, both of Lewisburg, West Virginia. His parents moved to Staunton, Virginia, where he was raised and where his closest relatives lived by the time World War I began. Price attended and received a business degree from Dunsmore Business College in 1898. He then taught accounting at the college and established his own accounting practice. In 1907 he began legal studies at the Washington and Lee Law School and graduated in 1909.[2]

On October 2, 1918, about a month after the 37-year old registered for the draft (having become a legal advisor to local draft boards),[3] he married Lilian Martin in Washington, D.C. They would have two children: James Price (1920–1991) and Lillian Price Eberle (1925–2016). Price was very active in the Freemasons and Shriners fraternal organizations, serving as Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Virginia Masons (1922 to 1924) and as Imperial Recorder for the Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of the Mystic Shrine for North America from 1927 until his death.[1]

Career[edit]

Upon admission to the Virginia bar, Price began legal practice in Staunton, but soon moved to Richmond, Virginia in 1910, where he practiced corporate law.

In 1916, he won the first of what would become seven terms in the Virginia House of Delegates as one of five delegates representing Richmond. That year marked a major turnover in Richmond's delegation: only Edward R. Fuller who had been selected to fill the term of the deceased D.L. Toney, was re-elected from the 1914 Richmond house delegation. Price would serve alongside Fuller until 1928. He also served alongside James P. Jones and Albert Orlando Boschen for several terms, and for lesser periods alongside Richard W. Carrington, Graham B. Hobson, William M. Myers, T. Gray Haddon, George Luther Wilcox, Charles W. Crowder, J. Fulmer Bright, James R. Sheppard Jr., Elben C. Folkes, J. Vaughan Gary and S.S.P. Patterson in the Richmond delegation to various General Assembly sessions.

Virginia voters elected Price Lieutenant Governor in 1929 (the state's 23rd). As the Great Depression began, Price could soon see that Governor John G. Pollard, a member of the Byrd Organization selected by Harry F. Byrd as his successor, was cutting state employees' salaries rather than taking advantage of the programs created by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, although a fellow Democrat.

Price could not secure Byrd's support to run for Governor in 1933. Instead Byrd selected former Congressman and State Corporation Commission member George C. Peery, who agreed with Byrd's "pay as you go" government funding philosophy. Price again won re-election as lieutenant governor unopposed.

In the 1937 general election, Price made known he would run with or without organizational support.[4] He became the Democratic candidate and won 82.78% of the vote. He defeated Republican candidate John Powell Royall (a former State Senator), as well as Communist Donald Burke, and Prohibitionist James A. Edgerton.

As governor, Price secured the support of anti-Byrd forces including Francis Pickens Miller in the 1938 session in order to pass social legislation in the Virginia General Assembly. He also created public works projects (including a new buildings for the Library of Virginia, Virginia Supreme Court, and the Medical College of Virginia), implemented the Social Security Act, solicited federal funds for urban development, and advocated the inclusion of African Americans in the U.S. military, as well as prepared Virginia for what would become World War II. Price also helped rename two of the state's teachers' colleges Mary Washington University and James Madison University.[5]

Price fired top Byrd lieutenant Everett R. Combs as state Comptroller and chairman of the Compensation board, incurring Byrd's wrath. While historian Douglas Southall Freeman labeled Price's 1940 legislative agenda one of the best on record, the Byrd Organization refused to pass such legislation until 1942, as Price left office due to the single term limit in the state Constitution and was succeeded by Colgate Darden.[6]

Death and legacy[edit]

After his governorship ended, Price continued active with the Shriners as well as sold war bonds, but suffered a stroke about a year later. He died in Richmond on November 22, 1943, survived by his wife, son and daughter. He (and four months later his wife Lilian) was buried at Staunton's Thornrose cemetery. [7]

Electoral history[edit]

Date Election Candidate Party Votes  %
Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
Nov 5, 1929[8] General James H. Price Democratic 184,563 64.01
Callom B. Jones Republican 103,758 35.99
Junius E. West did not seek reelection; seat stayed Democratic
Nov 7, 1933[9] General James H. Price (inc.) Democratic 127,135 75.73
J. Powell Royall Republican 37,770 22.50
J. Luther Kibler Socialist 2,971 1.77
Governor of Virginia
Nov 2, 1937[10] General James H. Price Democratic 124,145 82.78
J. Powell Royall Republican 23,670 15.78
Donald Burke Communist 1,164 0.78
James A. Edgerton Prohibition 990 0.66
George C. Peery unable to seek reelection; seat stayed Democratic

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Contributed by Dan Tulli. "Price, James H. (1878-1943)". Encyclopediavirginia.org. Retrieved 2017-04-18. 
  2. ^ "James H. Price (1878-1943)". Law2.wlu.edu. Retrieved 2017-04-18. 
  3. ^ "James Hubert Price". Nga.org. Retrieved 2017-04-18. 
  4. ^ Roslyn and Edwin C. Luther, III, Governors of Virginia 1776-1974 (Accomac: Eastern Shore News 1974) at p. 105
  5. ^ "James Madison University - JMU Centennial Celebration - William Henry Harrison University". Jmu.edu. Retrieved 2017-04-18. 
  6. ^ John Syrett, The Politics of Preservation: The Organization Destroys Governor James H. Price's Administration, The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography Vol. 97, No. 4 (Oct., 1989), pp. 437–462
  7. ^ "James Hubert Price (1878 - 1943) - Find A Grave Memorial". Findagrave.com. Retrieved 2017-04-18. 
  8. ^ "1929 Lieutenant Governor General Election". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved June 3, 2016. 
  9. ^ "1933 Lieutenant Governor General Election". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved June 3, 2016. 
  10. ^ "1937 Governor General Election". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved June 3, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Virginia House of Delegates
Preceded by
Edwin P. Cox
Virginia Delegate for Richmond City
1916–1930
Succeeded by
Unknown
Political offices
Preceded by
Junius E. West
Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
1930–1938
Succeeded by
Saxon W. Holt
Preceded by
George C. Peery
Governor of Virginia
1938–1942
Succeeded by
Colgate Darden
Party political offices
Preceded by
Junius E. West
Democratic nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
1929, 1933
Succeeded by
Saxon W. Holt
Preceded by
George C. Peery
Democratic nominee for Governor of Virginia
1937
Succeeded by
Colgate Darden