James Hunter Audrain

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James Hunter Audrain (1781–1831) was a Colonel of Militia who served during the War of 1812. Audrain County, Missouri, was named for him.[1]


Audrain was born 29 December 1781 in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. He married Mary Elizabeth Wells (1785–1834) on 12 December 1806 in Louisville, Kentucky. They had nine children.[2]

He settled in the Six Mile District, near Fort Osage, Missouri, in 1810, going into business with his brother Francois.[3]

In the report of the Northwestern Army, in an expedition against the Massassineway villages led by Lieut. Col. John B. Campbell, Audrain was listed as one of eight "spies and guides." This battle was the first major American victory of the War of 1812.[4]

He then lived in O'Fallon where he farmed, ran a tavern, and operated a gristmill on Peruque Creek called "Bulls Hell Mill."[5][6]

Later he settled in St. Charles County, Missouri, and was elected from there in 1830 to be a member of the State Legislature. He died on 10 November 1831[2] while visiting the home of William Clark of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.


  1. ^ Conard, Howard Louis (1901). Encyclopedia of the History of Missouri. Volume 1. p. 84. 
  2. ^ a b Johnson, W. F. (2011). "Johnson's History of Cooper County" (PDF). docs.google.com. Retrieved 25 March 2011. 
  3. ^ White, Emma S. (3 October 1921). "Life at the Fort in Early Days". Annals of Kansas City: 81. 
  4. ^ Niles, H. (March 2007). The Weekly Register. III. p. 331. Retrieved 25 March 2011. 
  5. ^ Kult, Nina (18 March 2007). "Signs guide visitors through history". Suburban Journals. Retrieved 25 March 2011. 
  6. ^ "1817 Census of Upper Cuivre Township, St. Charles County, Missouri". files.usgwarchives.net. 2008. Retrieved 25 March 2011. 

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