James Lowe Peacock III (born 1937) is an American anthropologist.
Peacock studied psychology at Duke University, graduating with a bachelor's degree in 1959. Upon completing a doctorate in anthropology at Harvard University in 1965, he began teaching at Princeton University. He joined the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill faculty in 1967. Peacock received a Guggenheim fellowship in 1980, and was named Kenan Professor of Anthropology in 1987. He served as president of the American Anthropological Association between 1993 and 1995. Peacock retired from UNC in May 2015.
- "James L. Peacock". University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
- "Dr. James Peacock Retirement Celebration Honors Decades of Commitment to UNC". University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 14 May 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2018.