James Samuel Berridge
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James Samuel Berridge was a planter, businessman, judge and politician on Saint Kitts.
Born 24 September 1806 on St Kitts, he was the eldest son of an immigrant from England, Lieutenant-Colonel James Berridge (1774-1851), a businessman who served as Treasurer of St Kitts and as Aide-de-Camp to the Governor. and his wife Alice (1782-1818). She was the daughter of Samuel Skinner from Boston, Massachusetts and his wife Rachel Cuvilje from Sint Eustatius.
His younger brother Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Probyn Berridge (1818-1902) was also active in business and politics on St Kitts while his elder sister Elizabeth Berridge (1800-1857) married Thomas de Burgh O'Maley (1779-1838), an Army surgeon who practised as a GP on the island and was a member of the Legislative Council.
When his father retired to Georgian House in Basseterre, James lived on the Lime Kiln plantation and also owned Heldens and Spooners. Following his father into politics, he was elected to the St Kitts House of Assembly for the Cayon ward on 16 July 1839, being appointed Quarantine Commissioner on 29 August 1839 and then Treasurer on 22 October 1839. That year he broadened his business interests by becoming the first manager of the St Kitts branch of the Colonial Bank (since part of Barclays).
In 1846 he went to England to plead the case for the island's economy, facing crisis after the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 made the local sugar industry less competitive and the UK started importing cheap sugar from countries still using slave labour. He won agreement to recruit labourers from Madeira and India. That year he was elected President of the Legislative Council and next year became a judge of the Court of Queen's Bench and Common Pleas.
With his brother, he was appointed to the board of the Colonial Life insurance company (since merged with Standard Life) in 1855 and was made the island's Postmaster in 1860. Finally, he served another term as President of Council in 1870 and then became a member of the Executive Council of the Leeward Islands in 1872.
In 1833 in Warwickshire he married Jane (1803-1888), daughter of John Hood Chapman and his wife Sarah, daughter of the Reverend John Mitchel. They had two daughters: Georgiana Caroline Berridge (1844-1919) married Colonel Arthur Frederick Jones (1841-1913) while Alice Emily Berridge (1846-1910) married Sir James Robert Longden (1827-1891).
- "University College London".
- John Venn, « Alumni Cantabrienses, Vol 2 » p245 at https://books.google.co.uk retrieved 23 October 2015
- James Samuel Berridge and Jane Chapman married 20 Apr 1833 at Mancetter, Warwickshire, England "England Marriages, 1538–1973" database, FamilySearch FHL microfilm 0555356-357, 0554793, retrieved 13 March 2016
- Georgiana Caroline Berridge, daughter of James Samuel Berridge and Jane, baptised 1 Dec 1844 at Atherstone, Warwickshire, England England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, database, FamilySearch, FHL microfilm 557,265, retrieved 13 March 2016
- Arthur Frederick Jones and Georgiana Caroline Berridge, daughter of James Samuel Berridge, married 21 Jul 1869 at Atherstone, Warwickshire, England England, Warwickshire Parish Registers, 1535-1984, database with images, FamilySearch, FHL microfilm 557,265, retrieved 13 March 2016