James Tyrrell (British Army officer)

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Lieutenant-General James Tyrrell (c. 1674 – 30 August 1742) was an officer of the British Army and Member of Parliament.


He was born the only son of James Tyrrell of Oakley, Buckinghamshire by his wife Mary, daughter of Sir Michael Hutchinson. His father began construction of Shotover Park in Oxfordshire in the early 18th century and James completed it after his father's death in 1718.[1]

He was appointed ensign in a regiment of foot on 6 February 1694 and served under King William III in the Netherlands. He distinguished himself in the wars of Queen Anne and was promoted to the colonelcy of a newly raised regiment of foot in April 1709. At the peace of Utrecht his regiment was disbanded, and in 1715 he raised a regiment of dragoons for the service of King George I, which was disbanded in November 1718. On 7 November 1722 the King gave him the colonelcy of the 17th Regiment of Foot. Tyrrell was promoted to the rank of brigadier-general in 1727, to that of major-general in 1735, and lieutenant-general in 1739.

On the accession of King George I in 1714 he was made a Groom of the Bedchamber, serving as a member of the royal household until the King's death in 1727.

In 1722 he was returned to Parliament for Boroughbridge, one of the Duke of Newcastle's pocket boroughs, sitting until his death. He also served as Governor of Pendennis Castle, of Gravesend and Tilbury and of Berwick-upon-Tweed.


Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Richard Steele
Sir Wilfrid Lawson
Member of Parliament for Boroughbridge
With: Conyers Darcy 1722
Joseph Danvers 1722–1727
George Gregory 1727–1742
Succeeded by
George Gregory
William Murray
Military offices
New regiment Colonel of Tyrrell's Regiment of Foot
Regiment disbanded
New regiment Colonel of Tyrrell's Regiment of Dragoons
Regiment disbanded
Preceded by
Thomas Ferrers
Colonel of Tyrrell's Regiment of Foot
Succeeded by
John Wynyard
Preceded by
John Hobart
Governor of Pendennis Castle
Succeeded by
William Barrell
Preceded by
Sir Multon Lambard
Governor of Gravesend and Tilbury
Succeeded by
Adam Williamson
Preceded by
Thomas Whetham
Governor of Berwick-upon-Tweed
Succeeded by
Thomas Howard