Vibert was educated as an ironworker in Lyon and moved to Paris in 1891, where he joined the atelier of Rodin and where he associated himself with French Symbolism. After his return to Switzerland he was commissioned for the monumental Three Confederates completed for the Federal Palace of Switzerland in 1914, and was nominated professor of the École des Beaux Arts at Geneva.
Ferdinand Hodler painted two portraits of Vibert, one in 1907 and the other in 1915.
- P.-E. Vibert, La vie et l'oeuvre de James Vibert (obituary with 36 reproductions), Geneva, 1942.
- Charles Baudouin, James Vibert, vol. 4 of Artistes romands contemporains, Editions des Nouveaux Cahiers, 1943.
- Louis Avennier, James Vibert, statuaire, S. A. des Éditions Sonor, 1922.