James W. Ross
James W. Ross
|Senator for Maritimes Divisional, Maritimes (Division)|
|Appointed by||Brian Mulroney|
September 6, 1938 |
|Political party||Progressive Conservative|
Ross was one of eight Senators appointed directly by the Queen on the advice of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney under Section 26 of the Constitution Act, 1867 in order to pass the Goods and Services Tax. The measure had faced defeat in the Liberal dominated Senate so Mulroney utilized a previously unused constitutional provision in order to allow him to temporarily expand the size of the upper house by a total of eight Senators (two per region) in order to ensure he had enough votes to enact the GST into law.
A businessman by trade, Ross resigned from the Senate in May 1993, after only 972 days, in order to return to public life. At the age of 55, he was entitled to have remained in the Senate for a further 20 years before being forced to retire.
Ross remains active in Fredericton, New Brunswick as a philanthropist and businessman. In 1994, he founded Partners For Youth Inc., a non-profit organization built on a community partnership model that uses adventure-based counseling to help young people.
While most Senators sit as representatives of a province or territory, Ross and the seven other Senators appointed under Section 26 represented regions so Ross and Michael Forrestall sat as a Senators representing the Maritimes rather than a particular province.