List of Jamestown colonists

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Jamestown Colonists)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

On May 14, 1607, 104 English men and boys established the Virginia Company, later known as the Jamestown Settlement Colony, on a slender peninsula on the bank of the Jamestown River. It became the first permanent English settlement in North America.[1]

The settlement was built on the banks of Virginia's James River. The trip aboard Susan Constant, the Discovery and the Godspeed, and the settlement were sponsored by the Virginia Company of London, whose stockholders hoped to make a profit from the resources of the New World. The community suffered terrible hardships in its early years, including starvation leading to cannibalism and Indian attacks, and many hundreds died. With resupply and additional immigrants, it managed to endure, becoming America's first permanent English colony.[2]

The site for Jamestown was picked based on criteria set by the Virginia Company. The site was surrounded by water on three sides (it later became an island) and was distant from the sea, making it more easily defensible against possible Spanish attacks. The water was also deep enough that the English could tie their ships at the shoreline. The site was also not inhabited by the native population.[2]

Once the settlement location was chosen, the company members opened the Virginia Company's sealed instructions containing the list of the previously chosen council members. Each ship had sailed with a box containing the same set of instructions. The first president was Edward Maria Winfield. The other six council members were Bartholomew Gosnold, Christopher Newport, John Martin, John Ratcliffe, George Kendall, and John Smith.[2]

Original settlers[edit]

The settlers arrived on three ships, the Susan Constant, the Godspeed, and the Discovery.

  • Jeremy Alicock, Gentleman, (d. August 14, 1607)
  • Captain Gabriell Archer, Gentleman, died Winter 1609-1610
  • John Asbie, (d. August 6, 1607)
  • Robert Behethland, Gentleman, (d. 1689)
  • Benjamin Best, Gentleman, (d. September 5, 1607)
  • Edward Brinto, Mason, Soldier
  • James Brumfield, Boy
  • Edward Brookes, Gentleman, (d. April 7, 1607)
  • John Brookes, Gentleman
  • Edward Browne, Gentleman, (d. August 15, 1607)
  • William Bruster, Gentleman, (d. August 10, 1607)
  • John Capper, Carpenter
  • George Cassen, Labourer, (d. December 1607)
  • Thomas Cassen, Labourer
  • William Cassen, Labourer
  • Ustis Clovill, Gentleman, (alternate Eustice) (d. June 7, 1607)
  • Samuell Collier, Boy, (d. 1622)
  • Roger Cooke, Gentleman
  • Thomas Couper, Barber
  • Richard Crofts, Gentleman
  • Richard Dixon, Gentleman
  • John Dods, Labourer, Soldier
  • Ould Edward, Labourer
  • Thomas Emry, Carpenter, (d. December 1607)
  • Robert Fenton, Gentleman
  • George Flowre, Gentleman, (d. August 9, 1607)
  • Robert Ford, Gentleman
  • Richard Frith, Gentleman
  • Stephen Galthrope (or Halthrop), Gentleman, (d. August 15, 1607)
  • William Garret, Bricklayer
  • George Golding, Labourer
  • Thomas Gore, Gentleman, (d. August 16, 1607)
  • Anthony Gosnold, Gentleman, (d. January 7, 1609)
  • Captain Bartholomew Gosnold, Captain of the Godspeed, Council Member, (d. August 22, 1607)
  • Edward Harrington, Gentleman (d. August 24, 1607)
  • John Herd, Bricklayer
  • Nicholas Houlgrave, Gentleman
  • Master Robert Hunt, Preacher, (d. before 1609)
  • Thomas Jacob, Sergeant, (d. September 4, 1607)
  • William Johnson, Labourer
  • Captain George Kendall, Council Member, (d. December 1, 1607)
  • Ellis Kingston (or Kiniston), Gentleman, (d. September 18, 1607)
  • John Laydon, Carpenter
  • William Laxon, Carpenter
  • William Love, Tailor, Soldier
  • John Martin, Jr, Gentleman, (d. August 18, 1607)
  • Captain John Martin, Sr, Gentleman, Council Member (d. June 1632)
  • George Martin, Gentleman
  • Francis Midwinter, Gentleman, (d. August 14, 1607)
  • Edward Morish (Morris), Gentleman, Corporal, (d. August 14, 1607)
  • Matthew Morton, Sailor
  • Thomas Mounslie, Laborer,(d. August 17, 1607)
  • Thomas Mouton, Gentleman,(d. September 19, 1607)
  • Richard Mutton, Boy
  • Nathaniel Peacock, Boy
  • Penington, Robert - Gentleman, (d. August 18, 1607)
  • Master George Percy, Gentleman,(d. 1632)
  • Dru Pickhouse, Gentleman,(d. August 19, 1607)
  • Edward Pising, Carpenter
  • Nathaniel Powell, Gentleman (d. March 22, 1622)
  • Jonas Profit, Sailor, Fisherman
  • Captain John Ratliffe, Captain of the Discovery, Council Member, (d. November 1609)
  • James Read, Blacksmith, Soldier, (d. March 13, 1622)
  • John Robinson, Gentleman, (d. December 1607)
  • William Rods, Labourer, (d. August 27, 1607)
  • Thomas Sands, Gentleman
  • Edward Short, Labourer, (d. August 1607)
  • John Short, Gentleman
  • Richard Simons, Gentleman, (d. September 18, 1607)
  • Nicholas Scot (or Skot), Drummer
  • Robert Small, Carpenter
  • Captain John Smith (explorer), Council Member, (d. June 1631)
  • William Smethes, Gentleman
  • Francis Snarsbrough, Gentleman
  • John Stevenson, Gentleman
  • Thomas Studley, Gentleman, (d. August 28, 1607)
  • William Tanker, Gentleman
  • Henry Tavin, Labourer
  • Kellam Throgmorton, Gentleman, (d. August 26, 1607)
  • Anas Todkill, Carpenter, Soldier
  • William Unger, Labourer
  • George Walker, Gentleman
  • Thomas Walker, listed under "Virginia, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1607-1890"
  • John Waller (or Waler), Gentleman, (d. August 24, 1607)
  • Thomas Webbe, Gentleman
  • William White, Laborer
  • William Wilkinson, Surgeon
  • Master Edward Maria Wingfield, Captain of the Susan Constant, Council President, (d. 1631)
  • Thomas Wotton, Surgeon, (d. April 28, 1638)

Mariners and others known to have been with the expedition.

Browne, Oliver - Mariner Clarke, Charles - Mariner Collson (or Cotson), John - Mariner Crookdeck, John - Mariner Deale, Jeremy - Mariner Fitch, Mathew - Mariner - died July 1609 Genoway, Richard - Mariner Godword, Thomas - Mariner Jackson, Robert - Mariner Markham, Robert - Mariner Nelson, Francys - Captain - died Winter 1612-1613 Poole, Jonas - Mariner - died 1612 Skynner, Thomas - Mariner Turnbrydge (or Turbridge), Thomas - Mariner Newport, Christopher - Captain, Councilor - died 1617 Tyndall, Robert - Mariner, Gunner White, Benjamyn - Mariner Danynell Stephen

First Supply — January 1608[edit]

  • Jefrey Abots, Gentleman
  • Robert Alberton, Perfumer
  • Robert Barnes, Gentleman
  • William Bayley, Gentleman
  • William Beckwith, Tailer
  • Richard Belfield, Refiner
  • William Bentley, Labourer
  • John Bouth, Labourer
  • Richard Brislow, Labourer
  • William Burket, Labourer
  • James Burne
  • William Cantril, Gentleman
  • William Causey, Gentleman
  • Thomas Coo, Gentleman
  • Robert Cotton, Tobacco-pipe-maker
  • Robert Cutler, Gentleman
  • William Dawson, Refiner
  • Richard Dole, Blacksmith
  • Thomas Feld, Apothecary
  • Richard Fetherstone
  • George Forest, Gentleman
  • Post Gittnat, Surgeon
  • Raymond Goodyson, Labourer
  • Richard Gradon, Labourer
  • William Gryvill, Gentleman
  • Edward Gurganay, Gentleman
  • John Harford, Apothecary
  • John Harper, Gentleman
  • George Hill, Gentleman
  • Thomas Hope, Tailer
  • William Johnson, Refiner
  • Peter Keffer, Gunner
  • Richard Killingbeck, Gentleman
  • Timothy Leds, Gentleman
  • John Lewes, Cooper
  • William May, Labourer
  • Michaell
  • Richard Miler, Labourer
  • Richard Molynex, Gentleman
  • Ralfe Morton, Gentleman
  • Rowland Nelstrop, Labourer
  • John Nickoles, Gentleman
  • William Perce, Labourer
  • Francis Perkins, Labourer
  • Michaell Phetyplace, Gentleman
  • William Phetyplace, Gentleman
  • Peter Pory, Gentleman
  • Richard Pots, Gentleman
  • John Powell, Tailer
  • George Pretty, Gentleman
  • Richard Prodger, Gentleman
  • Abraham Ransacke, Refiner
  • Christopher Rode
  • Doctor Russell, Gentleman
  • Richard Salvage, Labourer
  • Thomas Salvage, Labourer
  • Matthew Scrivner, appointed to be of the Council
  • Michaell Sickelmore, Gentleman
  • William Simons, Labourer
  • John Speareman, Labourer
  • William Spence, Labourer
  • Daniell Stalling, Jeweller
  • John Taverner, Gentleman
  • Laurence Towtales, Tailer
  • Nicholas Ven, Labourer
  • William Ward, Tailer
  • James Watkins
  • Vere
  • Richard Worley, Gentleman
  • Richard Wyffin, Gentleman
  • Bishop Wyles, Labourer
  • William Yonge, Tailer
  • With divers others

Second Supply -- Fall 1608[edit]

  • Thomas Abbey, Gentleman
  • Gabriell Bedle, Gentleman
  • John Bedle, Gentleman
  • Henry Bell, Tradesmen
  • Thomas Bradley, Tradesmen
  • Anne Burras, maid to Mistress Forrest
  • John Burras, Tradesmen
  • George Burton, Gentleman
  • Rawley Chroshaw, Gentleman
  • John Clarke, Tradesmen
  • Henry Collings, Gentleman
  • John Dauxe, Gentleman
  • Thomas Dowse, Laborer
  • William Dowman, Gentleman
  • David Ellys, Tradesmen
  • Thomas Forrest, Gentleman
  • Mistress Forrest
  • Thomas Fox, Laborer
  • Thomas Gipson, Tradesmen
  • Thomas Graves, Gentleman
  • John Gudderington, Gentleman
  • Nicholas Hancock, Laborer
  • Hardwin, Laborer
  • Harmon Haryson, Gentleman
  • Hellyard, Boy
  • John Hoult, Gentleman
  • David ap Hugh, Tradesmen
  • Master Hunt, Gentleman
  • Thomas Lavander, Tradesmen
  • Henry Ley, Gentleman
  • Michaell Lowicke, Gentleman
  • Thomas Mallard, Laborer
  • Thomas Maxes, Gentleman
  • Milman, Boy
  • Morrell, Laborer
  • Thomas Norton, Gentleman
  • Dionis Oconor, Tradesmen
  • Thomas Phelps, Tradesmen
  • Henry Philpot, Gentleman
  • Master Powell, Tradesmen
  • John Prat, Tradesmen
  • Rose, Laborer
  • John Russell, Gentleman
  • William Russell, Gentleman
  • William Sambage, Gentleman
  • Scot, Laborer
  • Jefry Shortridge, Tradesmen
  • William Taler, Laborer
  • Daniell Tucker, Gentleman
  • Williams, Laborer
  • Captain Peter Winne, appointed to the Council
  • Captain Richard Waldo, appointed to the Council
  • Walker, Laborer
  • Master Francis West, Gentleman
  • Hugh Wollystone, Gentleman
  • Hugh Wynne, Tradesmen
  • George Yarington, Gentleman
  • eight Dutch men and Poles, with some others

Additional reading[edit]

  • Bernard Bailyn, The Barbarous Years: The Peopling of British North America: The Conflict of Civilizations, 1600-1675 (Vintage, 2012)
  • Warren M. Billings (Editor), The Old Dominion in the Seventeenth Century: A Documentary History of Virginia, 1606-1700 (University of North Carolina Press, 2007)
  • James Horn, A Land as God Made It (Perseus Books, 2005)
  • Margaret Huber, Powhatan Lords of Life and Death: Command and Consent in Seventeenth-Century Virginia (University of Nebraska Press, 2008)
  • William M. Kelso, Jamestown, The Buried Truth (University of Virginia Press, 2006)
  • David A. Price, Love and Hate in Jamestown (Alfred A. Knopf, 2003)
  • Helen C. Rountree, The Powhatan Indians of Virginia: Their Traditional Culture (University of Oklahoma Press, 2013)
  • Ed Southern (Editor), Jamestown Adventure, The: Accounts of the Virginia Colony, 1605-1614 (Blair, 2011)
  • Jocelyn R. Wingfield, Virginia's True Founder: Edward Maria Wingfield and His Times (Booksurge, 2007)
  • Benjamin Woolley, Savage Kingdom: The True Story of Jamestown, 1607, and the Settlement of America (Harper Perennial, 2008)
  • William M. Kelso, Nicholas M. Luccketti, Beverly A. Straube, The Jamestown Rediscovery Archaeology Project

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Timeline of exploration of N.America". Timepage.org. Retrieved 2009-09-22.
  2. ^ a b c "A Short History of Jamestown - Historic Jamestowne Part of Colonial National Historical Park (U.S. National Park Service)". www.nps.gov. Retrieved 2016-12-06.

 This article incorporates public domain material from the National Park Service document "A Short History of Jamestown".