Jan Anderson (scientist)

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Joan Mary "Jan" Anderson FAA FRS (13 May 1932 – 28 August 2015) was a New Zealand scientist who worked in Canberra, Australia, distinguished by her investigation of photosynthesis.

Joan Mary Anderson was born in 1932 in Queenstown, New Zealand. Her father was a country doctor. Her mother died, after a long illness, when Anderson was eight.[1] Much to the disappointment of her father, who had wanted her to become a doctor, she studied organic chemistry at the University of Otago. At the time, degrees were issued by the University of New Zealand, and she obtained a BSc and MSc with first class honours.[1]

She obtained a scholarship, the King George V Memorial Fellowship for New Zealand, that allowed her to undertake postgraduate studies in the United States for one year. When she arrived at the University of California, Berkeley, she found that her New Zealand postgraduate degree was not recognised, which denied her access to the library, research facilities, and health insurance. To overcome this problem, she enrolled for a PhD, which she studied towards at the UC Berkeley College of Chemistry (1956–59) under the supervision of Melvin Calvin; Calvin received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1961.[2][3]

She then taught at Wellington Girls' High School under a bond, but broke this arrangement to take up a job offer with the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) made to her four years earlier by John Falk of CSIRO Plant Industry.[2]

She was the first to show that the photosynthetic mechanism comprises two fundamental components: photosystem I and photosytem II.[4] Anderson was an Adjunct Professor at the Australian National University.[2]

She received many honors and awards for her work, including election as a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science in 1987, and as a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1996.[5] She was awarded an honorary doctorate from Umeå University in 1998. She was awarded the Centenary Medal in 2001.[2]

Jan Anderson died on 28 August 2015.[6] Her funeral was held at St John the Baptist Church, Reid, Canberra.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bhathal, Ragbir (1999). Profiles: Australian Women Scientists. Canberra: National Library of Australia. pp. 15–25. ISBN 9780642107015. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Vale Jan Anderson (12 May 1932 – 28 August 2015)". Australian National University. 1 September 2015. Retrieved 6 February 2016. 
  3. ^ "Melvin Calvin - Facts". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media. Retrieved 6 February 2016. 
  4. ^ "Professor Jan Anderson FRS - Shedding light on photosynthesis". Royal Society. Archived from the original on 9 July 2008. 
  5. ^ Alafaci, Annette (7 February 2011). "Anderson, Jan profile". Encyclopedia of Australian Science. Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  6. ^ "Jan Anderson obituary". Australian National University. 11 September 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  7. ^ "Joan (Jan) Mary Anderson". Obituary. HeavenAddress. Retrieved 6 February 2016. 

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