|Janet Laurel Adamson|
|Member of Parliament for Dartford|
7 November 1938 – 4 July 1945
|Preceded by||Frank Edward Clarke|
|Succeeded by||Norman Dodds|
|Member of Parliament for Peckham|
5 July 1945 – 21 July 1946
|Preceded by||Constituency created|
|Succeeded by||Ashley Bramall|
|Born||Janet Laurel Johnston
9 May 1882
|Died||25 April 1962(aged 79)|
|Spouse(s)||William Murdoch Adamson|
Janet Laurel Adamson (née Johnston; 9 May 1882 – 25 April 1962) was a Labour Party politician in the United Kingdom. She sat in the House of Commons from 1938 to 1946, and served as a junior minister in Clement Attlee's post-war Labour government.
Early life and family
Janet Laurel Johnston was born on 9 May 1882, the daughter of Thomas Johnston of Kirkcudbright. She married, in 1902, to William Murdoch Adamson (d. 1945), a Transport and General Workers' Union official who became Labour MP for Cannock.
Adamson unsuccessfully contested Dartford at the 1935 general election, when the sitting Conservative MP Frank Clarke held the seat with a significantly reduced majority. However, Clarke died in July 1938, and at the resulting by-election in November 1938, Adamson won the seat on a swing of 4.2%.
The constituency was divided in boundary changes for the 1945 general election, when Adamson was elected with a large majority (27% of the votes) for the new Bexley constituency. She served as a Parliamentary Private Secretary from 1940 to 1945 and Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Pensions from 1945 to 1946, under minister Wilfred Paling.
Adamson resigned from Parliament in 1946, becoming Deputy Chair of the Unemployment Assistance Board from 1946 to 1953. Her resignation precipitated a by-election in July 1946 which was narrowly won by the Labour candidate Ashley Bramall. At the next general election, in 1950, the seat was won by future Prime Minister Edward Heath. She was a Member of the National Executive Committee of the Labour Party from 1927 to 1947 and was Chairman 1935 to 1936.
Adamson died on 25 April 1962.
- "Jennie Adamson". Observatory. Centre for Advancement of Women in Politics, Queens University Belfast. Retrieved 17 May 2014.
- Stenton and Lees Who's Who of British Members of Parliament vol. iv p. 1
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 383. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Craig, op cit, page 76
- Stenton and Lees Who's Who of British Members of Parliament vol. iv p. 2
- Stenton, M., Lees, S. (1981). Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, volume iv (covering 1945-1979). Sussex: The Harvester Press; New Jersey: Humanities Press. ISBN 0-391-01087-5
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Janet Adamson
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Frank Edward Clarke
|Member of Parliament for Dartford
1938 – 1945
|New constituency||Member of Parliament for Bexley
1945 – 1946
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Pensions
1945 – 1946
|Party political offices|
William Albert Robinson
|Chair of the Labour Party