Janet Ruth Bacon
Janet Ruth Bacon (26 October 1891 in Oxford – 25 January 1965) was the daughter of a barrister and was Principal of Royal Holloway College, University of London (RHC) from 1935-44. She was unmarried.
She first taught at King Edward VI High School for Girls in Birmingham during the First World War. She then was a lecturer on Classics at Girton becoming Director of Studies in Classics there from 1925-35. In 1925 she published The Voyage of the Arogonauts, an authority on the subject. She was appointed as Principal of RHC unanimously by the governors as successor to Miss Ellen Charlotte Higgins. The 50th anniversary of the college opening was celebrated in her tenure with a visit from Queen Mary. This was in 1937 as King George V had died in 1936 the anniversary year, a year of Royal mourning.
She was principal during the Second World War when part of the college was occupied by the women's ATS Officer Cadets' Training Unit (OCTU). The stress of war-time forced her to resign on the grounds of ill-health but it was clear that she understood she had failed. One of her last responsibilities was as a member of the Post-War Policy Committee of the college. She disagreed with the majority on the committee and her failure to convince her colleagues added to her sense of failure as principal. One of the proposals agreed was an intention for RHC to become co-educational. This later began in 1945 with the admission of men postgraduates and then in 1965 with male undergraduates. She was succeeded in the last year of war by Miss Fanny Street as Acting Principal.
- BACON, Janet Ruth, Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2008; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007; accessed 1 June 2012
- Bingham, Caroline (1987). The history of the Royal Holloway College 1886-1986. London: Constable. pp. 161 et seq. ISBN 0-09-468200-3.
Ellen Charlotte Higgins
Royal Holloway College
University of London